This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic edit

Etymology edit

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrews- (belly, to swell); compare with English breast, Proto-Germanic *brunjǭ (breastplate), and Proto-Slavic *břȗxo (belly).[1] However, also compare Ancient Greek βρύω (brúō, to be full, bursting) and Sanskrit भ्रूण (bhrūṇa, embryo).[2]

Noun edit

*brusū f

  1. belly, abdomen
  2. breast

Inflection edit

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *brusū *brusne *brusnes
vocative *brusū *brusne *brusnes
accusative *brusnam *brusne *brusnams
genitive *brusnos *brusnou *brusnom
dative *brusnei *brusnobom *brusnobos
locative *brusni
instrumental *brusne? *brusnobim *brusnobis

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Brythonic: *bronn (< genitive singular)
    • Old Breton: bronn
    • Cornish: bronn
    • Middle Welsh: bron
  • Old Irish: brú
    • Middle Irish: brú
      • Scottish Gaelic: brù

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “bruson-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 81
  2. ^ MacBain, Alexander, Mackay, Eneas (1911) “Proto-Celtic/brusū”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language[1], Stirling, →ISBN, page brù