abdomen

See also: Abdomen, abdómen, and abdômen

EnglishEdit

See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
 
Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1541.[1] Borrowed from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdomen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + *dĕre (to put, place).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdomen (plural abdomens or abdomina)

  1. (obsolete) The fat surrounding the belly. [mid 16th c. – late 17th c.][2]
  2. (anatomy) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, not including the back; or in some lower vertebrates, the portion between the cardiac and caudal regions. [from early 17th c.][2]
    Synonyms: belly, tummy, (informal) stomach; see also Thesaurus:belly
  3. (anatomy) The cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the viscera; often restricted in humans to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity. [from early 17th c.][2]
    He was all bent over complaining of pains in the abdomen.
  4. (zoology, entomology) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda. [from late 18th c.][2]

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • abdomen at OneLook Dictionary Search
  1. 1.0 1.1 Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abdomen”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 3.

AfrikaansEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: abdo‧men

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

abdomen (plural abdomina or abdomens, diminutive abdomentjie)

  1. (anatomy) abdomen

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdomen m (plural abdòmens)

  1. abdomen

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdomen m (plural abdomens)

  1. abdomen

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch abdomen, from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdōmen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + *dere (to put, place).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [apˈdo.mən] (Standard)
  • IPA(key): [apˈdo.mɛn] (Latinised)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧mên

NounEdit

abdomên (first-person possessive abdomenku, second-person possessive abdomenmu, third-person possessive abdomennya)

  1. (anatomy, entomology, zoology) abdomen

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of unclear origin; often suggested to be from abdō (to hide, conceal) +‎ -men, though de Vaan doesn't find this convincing.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdōmen n (genitive abdōminis); third declension

  1. (anatomy) belly, abdomen
  2. (by extension of meaning) gluttony

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative abdōmen abdōmina
Genitive abdōminis abdōminum
Dative abdōminī abdōminibus
Accusative abdōmen abdōmina
Ablative abdōmine abdōminibus
Vocative abdōmen abdōmina

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • abdomen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abdomen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abdomen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdomen (Jawi spelling ابدومن‎, plural abdomen-abdomen, informal 1st possessive abdomenku, impolite 2nd possessive abdomenmu, 3rd possessive abdomennya)

  1. abdomen (belly)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
 
Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen (belly, abdomen; gluttony), possibly from both abdō (I hide, conceal), from ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) (+ the ending *dō (put), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to do, put, place)) + and from -men (forms neuter nouns), from Proto-Italic *-men, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abˈduːmən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ən
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

NounEdit

abdomen n (definite singular abdomenet, indefinite plural abdomen or abdomina, definite plural abdomena or abdomenene or abdominaene)

  1. (anatomy, entomology) abdomen, belly (or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis)
    • 2005 April 7, tidsskriftet.no (Tidsskrift for Den norske lægeforening):
      computertomografi ved akutt abdomen
      computed tomography of the acute abdomen
    • 1974, Knut Faldbakken, Uår. Aftenlandet, page 175:
      Mary Diamonds tronende abdomen
      Mary Diamonds enthroned abdomen
    • 1997, Liv Køltzow, Verden forsvinner, page 98:
      en henvisning til ultralyd abdomen og nyrer
      a reference to ultrasound of the abdomen and kidneys
    Synonyms: buk, underliv
  2. (zoology, entomology) abdomen (the posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda)
    Synonym: bakkropp

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdomen m inan

  1. (anatomy) abdomen (of a person)
    Synonym: brzuch
  2. (arthropod anatomy) abdomen (of an insect)
    Synonym: odwłok

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • abdomen in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • abdomen in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French abdomen, Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abdomen n (plural abdomene)

  1. (anatomy) abdomen, belly
    Synonyms: burtă, pântece, vintre

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abdǒːmen/
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

NounEdit

abdómen m (Cyrillic spelling абдо́мен)

  1. abdomen

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abˈdomen/, [aβ̞ˈð̞o.mẽn]

NounEdit

abdomen m (plural abdómenes)

  1. abdomen
    Synonym: vientre

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abdōmen.

NounEdit

abdomen (definite accusative abdomeni, plural abdomenler)

  1. abdomen

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Nişanyan Sözlük: "abdomen"