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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown; possibly borrowed from a non-Indo-European substrate source as no Indo-European cognates appear to exist.[1]

NounEdit

*kʷesdis f

  1. piece, portion

DeclensionEdit

Masculine/feminine i-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *kʷesdis *kʷesdī *kʷesdīs
vocative *kʷesdi *kʷesdī *kʷesdīs
accusative *kʷesdim *kʷesdī *kʷesdīs
genitive *kʷesdēs *kʷesdyow *kʷesdyom
dative *kʷesdē *kʷesdibom *kʷesdibos
instrumental *kʷesdī *kʷesdibim *kʷesdibis

DescendantsEdit

  • Brythonic: *peθ
    • Middle Breton: pez
    • Cornish: peth, pyth
    • Old Welsh: ped
  • Old Irish: cuit
  • Gaulish: *pettyā
    • Latin: pettia (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 179