Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/kʷrinati

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷrinéh₂ti ~ *kʷrinh₂énti.

VerbEdit

*kʷrinati

  1. to buy

InflectionEdit

Thematic present with a-coloring, ā-subjunctive
Active voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *kʷrinami *kʷrinannem ? ?
2nd singular *kʷrinasi *kʷrinītū ? ?
3rd singular *kʷrinati *kʷrina(to) ? ?
1st plural *kʷrinomu *kʷrinammets ? ?
2nd plural *kʷrinate *kʷrinates, *kʷrinaswīs ? ?
3rd plural *kʷrinonti *kʷrinantets ? ?
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular *kʷreyām *kʷreyānnem
2nd singular *kʷreyāsi *kʷreyātū *kʷrinī
3rd singular *kʷreyāti *kʷreyā(to) *kʷrinat
1st plural *kʷreyāmes *kʷreyāmmets *kʷrinomu
2nd plural *kʷreyāte *kʷreyātes, *kʷreyāswīs *kʷrinatīs
3rd plural *kʷreyānti *kʷreyāntets *kʷrinont
Passive voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *kʷrinūr ?
2nd singular *kʷrinatar ?
3rd singular *kʷrinator *kʷrinatey ? *kʷrīto
1st plural *kʷrinommor ?
2nd plural *kʷrinadwe ?
3rd plural *kʷrinontor *kʷrinantits ? *kʷrītūnts
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular *kʷreyār
2nd singular *kʷreyātar *kʷrinatar
3rd singular *kʷreyātor *kʷrinor
1st plural *kʷreyāmmor *kʷrinommor
2nd plural *kʷreyādwe *kʷrinadwe
3rd plural *kʷreyāntor *kʷrinontor

DescendantsEdit

  • Brythonic: *prɨnad
    • Old Breton: prenaff
    • Old Cornish: prinid
    • Middle Welsh: prynnu
  • Old Irish: crenaid
    • Irish: crean (obtain, purchase)