Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/sedeti

This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Indo-European *sed- (to sit).[1]

Verb

edit

*sedeti[1]

  1. to sit

Inflection

edit
Thematic present, suffixless preterite
Active voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *sedū *sedemam *sedsū *sāda
2nd singular *sedesi *sedetās *sedsesi *sādas?
3rd singular *sedeti *sedeto *sedseti *sāde
1st plural *sedomosi *sedemo *sedsomosi *sādmo
2nd plural *sedetesi *sedestē *sedsetesi *sāsse
3rd plural *sedonti *sedento *sedsonti *sādar
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular *sedsū ?
2nd singular *sedsesi ? *sede
3rd singular *sedseti ? *sedetou
1st plural *sedsomosi ? *sedomos
2nd plural *sedsetesi ? *sedete
3rd plural *sedsonti ? *sedontou
Passive voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *sedūr *sedsūr
2nd singular *sedetar *sedsetar
3rd singular *sedetor ? *sedsetor
1st plural *sedommor *sedsommor
2nd plural *sededwe *sedsedwe
3rd plural *sedontor ? *sedsontor
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular *sedsūr
2nd singular *sedsetar
3rd singular *sedsetor
1st plural *sedsommor
2nd plural *sedsedwe
3rd plural *sedsontor
Declension of the past participle
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *sessos *sessou *sessoi
vocative *sesse *sessou *sessoi
accusative *sessom *sessou *sessoms
genitive *sessī *sessous *sessom
dative *sessūi *sessobom *sessobos
instrumental *sessū *sessobim *sessobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *sessā *sessai *sessās
vocative *sessā *sessai *sessās
accusative *sessam *sessai *sessams
genitive *sessās *sessous *sessom
dative *sessai *sessābom *sessābos
instrumental *? *sessābim *sessābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *sessom *sessou *sessā
vocative *sessom *sessou *sessā
accusative *sessom *sessou *sessā
genitive *sessī *sessous *sessom
dative *sessūi *sessobom *sessobos
instrumental *sessū *sessobim *sessobis

Derived terms

edit
  • *ad-sedeti
    • Proto-Brythonic:
      • Old Breton: assedam (1sg. pres)
        • Middle Breton: asez (3sg. pres)
    • *dī-ad-sedeti
      • Middle Breton: diasez (3sg. pres)
  • *en-sedeti
    • Middle Cornish: ysethaf (1sg. pres)
    • *to-en-sedeti
  • *exs-dī-sedeti

Descendants

edit
  • Proto-Brythonic: *heðɨd
  • Old Irish: saidid
    • Middle Irish: suidid (to sit, set) (with vowel changed under the influence of the verbal noun and transitive suidigidir)
      • Irish: suigh (to sit, set)
      • Manx: soie (to set)
      • Scottish Gaelic: suidh (to sit)

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*sed-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 325