This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Finnic edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Proto-Germanic *arbaz (whence Old Norse arfr, Swedish arv). The original sense in Proto-Finnic may have been "(one's) part, share".[1] Alternatively, the meaning adjoins the concept in the Germanic inheritance system in which property was allotted by drawing lots, cf. Swedish arv in this sense. Cognate with Proto-Samic *vuorpē.

Noun edit


  1. lot (e.g. dice)
  2. fate

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Estonian: arp
  • Finnish: arpa
  • Ingrian: arpa
  • Karelian: arpa
  • Livonian: arb
  • Veps: arb
  • Võro: arb
  • Votic: arpõ

References edit

  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri, Kallio, Petri, Holopainen, Sampsa, Kuokkala, Juha, Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “arpa”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01