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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/arbaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Pre-Germanic *h₃órbʰos (orphan), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ-.

The inherited meaning "orphan" likely gave way to "worker", probably from orphans being used for forced labor by their caretakers, which is also implied by the Slavic meaning "servant, slave". In this context it is not hard to see a connection with Proto-Germanic *arbaidiz (labor, toil), probably through a verb *arbijaną.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*arbaz m[1]

  1. working-animal, ox; worker

InflectionEdit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *arbaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *arbaz *arbōz, *arbōs
vocative *arb *arbōz, *arbōs
accusative *arbą *arbanz
genitive *arbas, *arbis *arbǫ̂
dative *arbai *arbamaz
instrumental *arbō *arbamiz

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*arba-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 32