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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/maguz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *magʰus (boy). Cognate with Proto-Celtic *magus (boy, servant), Old Irish mug, Cornish maw (servant).[1] Unrelated to Proto-Celtic *makʷos (son).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*maguz m

  1. boy

InflectionEdit

The stem was originally *magw- alternating with *mag- next to *u as per the boukólos rule, but after the change *gw > *w would have had an alternation between *mag- and *maw- depending on the ending. This alternation is not preserved in any daughter language and presumably had been levelled in Proto-Germanic as well, but the derived noun still shows the second alternant.

u-stemDeclension of *maguz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *maguz *magiwiz
vocative *magu *magiwiz
accusative *magų *magunz
genitive *magauz *magiwǫ̂
dative *magiwi *magumaz
instrumental *magū *magumiz

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*magu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill