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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative formsEdit



From Proto-Indo-European *néh₂s (nose). Compare Latin nāsus.

May, in Proto-Germanic, have been a plurale tantum, whose nominative ending *-ō goes back to the Proto-Indo-European thematic nominative dual ending *-oh₁, while the other cases displayed consonant-stem plural endings , -miz, -unz. This presupposes a Proto-Germanic consonant stem *nas- (nostril).[1]

Griepentrog prefers to reconstruct, following Rasmussen, the original Proto-Indo-European paradigm as an acrostratic paradigm with rare ablaut a ~ ā: nom. sg. *Hnā́s-s, acc. sg. *Hnā́s-m̥, gen. sg. *Hnás-s (> *Hnás-os), dat. sg. *Hnás-ey, nom. du. *Hnā́s-h₁, nom. pl. *Hnā́s-es, acc. pl. *Hnás-m̥s.[2]

Griepentrog also considers the zero-grade form *nus- instead of **uns- regular, adducing parallels. Forms in *nus- may be additionally analogically influenced by a Proto-Indo-European verb *news- (to sniff).[3]


*nasō f

  1. nose


ō-stemDeclension of *nasō (ō-stem)
singular plural
nominative *nasō *nasôz
vocative *nasō *nasôz
accusative *nasǭ *nasōz
genitive *nasōz *nasǫ̂
dative *nasōi *nasōmaz
instrumental *nasō *nasōmiz

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit



  1. ^ Griepentrog, Wolfgang (1995), “Urgermanisch *nas-, Dual *nas-ō, *nus-ō "Nase", "Nasenloch"”, in Die Wurzelnomina des Germanischen und ihre Vorgeschichte (in German), Innsbruck, Austria: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, pages 323–351, specifically pp. 329–333
  2. ^ Griepentrog, p. 350
  3. ^ Griepentrog, pp. 334f.