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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/nasō

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-GermanicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *néh₂s (nose). Compare Latin nāsus.

May, in Proto-Germanic, have been a plurale tantum, whose nominative ending *-ō goes back to the Proto-Indo-European thematic nominative dual ending *-oh₁, while the other cases displayed consonant-stem plural endings , -miz, -unz. This presupposes a Proto-Germanic consonant stem *nas- (nostril).[1]

Griepentrog prefers to reconstruct, following Rasmussen, the original Proto-Indo-European paradigm as an acrostratic paradigm with rare ablaut a ~ ā: nom. sg. *Hnā́s-s, acc. sg. *Hnā́s-m̥, gen. sg. *Hnás-s (> *Hnás-os), dat. sg. *Hnás-ey, nom. du. *Hnā́s-h₁, nom. pl. *Hnā́s-es, acc. pl. *Hnás-m̥s.[2]

Griepentrog also considers the zero-grade form *nus- instead of **uns- regular, adducing parallels. Forms in *nus- may be additionally analogically influenced by a Proto-Indo-European verb *news- (to sniff).[3]

NounEdit

*nasō f

  1. nose

InflectionEdit

ō-stemDeclension of *nasō (ō-stem)
singular plural
nominative *nasō *nasôz
vocative *nasō *nasôz
accusative *nasǭ *nasōz
genitive *nasōz *nasǫ̂
dative *nasōi *nasōmaz
instrumental *nasō *nasōmiz

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Griepentrog, Wolfgang (1995), “Urgermanisch *nas-, Dual *nas-ō, *nus-ō "Nase", "Nasenloch"”, in Die Wurzelnomina des Germanischen und ihre Vorgeschichte (in German), Innsbruck, Austria: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, pages 323–351, specifically pp. 329–333
  2. ^ Griepentrog, p. 350
  3. ^ Griepentrog, pp. 334f.