Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/údteros

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

From the adverb *úd (out, outward) +‎ *-teros (contrastive suffix).

Adjective edit

*údteros (non-ablauting)[1][2]

  1. higher, outer

Inflection edit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *údteros *údtereh₂
genitive *údterosyo *údtereh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *údteros *údteroh₁ *údteroes
vocative *údtere *údteroh₁ *údteroes
accusative *údterom *údteroh₁ *údteroms
genitive *údterosyo *? *údteroHom
ablative *údteread *? *údteromos
dative *údteroey *? *údteromos
locative *údterey, *údteroy *? *údteroysu
instrumental *údteroh₁ *? *údterōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *údtereh₂ *údtereh₂h₁(e) *údtereh₂es
vocative *údtereh₂ *údtereh₂h₁(e) *údtereh₂es
accusative *údterām *údtereh₂h₁(e) *údtereh₂m̥s
genitive *údtereh₂s *? *údtereh₂oHom
ablative *údtereh₂s *? *údtereh₂mos
dative *údtereh₂ey *? *údtereh₂mos
locative *údtereh₂, *údtereh₂i *? *údtereh₂su
instrumental *údtereh₂h₁ *? *údtereh₂mis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *údterom *údteroy(h₁) *údtereh₂
vocative *údterom *údteroy(h₁) *údtereh₂
accusative *údterom *údteroy(h₁) *údtereh₂
genitive *údterosyo *? *údteroHom
ablative *údteread *? *údteromos
dative *údteroey *? *údteromos
locative *údterey, *údteroy *? *údteroysu
instrumental *údteroh₁ *? *údterōys

Descendants edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “ū̆d”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 1103-1104: “ud-tero-s”
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*udˢtero-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 517
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ύστέρα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1539: “*ud-tro-”
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “wästarye”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN: “*udˢtr̥yo-”