This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

From *ǵenh₁- +‎ *-os.

Noun edit

*ǵónh₁os m[1][2]

  1. birth
  2. offspring

Inflection edit

singular collective
nominative *ǵónh₁os *ǵonh₁éh₂
genitive *ǵónh₁osyo *ǵonh₁ósyo
singular dual plural collective
nominative *ǵónh₁os *ǵónh₁oh₁ *ǵónh₁oes *ǵonh₁éh₂
vocative *ǵónh₁e *ǵónh₁oh₁ *ǵónh₁oes *ǵonh₁éh₂
accusative *ǵónh₁om *ǵónh₁oh₁ *ǵónh₁oms *ǵonh₁éh₂
genitive *ǵónh₁osyo *? *ǵónh₁oHom *ǵonh₁ósyo
ablative *ǵónh₁ead *? *ǵónh₁omos *ǵonh₁éad
dative *ǵónh₁oey *? *ǵónh₁omos *ǵonh₁óey
locative *ǵónh₁ey, *ǵónh₁oy *? *ǵónh₁oysu *ǵonh₁éy, *ǵonh₁óy
instrumental *ǵónh₁oh₁ *? *ǵónh₁ōys *ǵonh₁óh₁

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Hellenic: *gónos, *gonā́

References edit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*g̑enh₁-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 139-153