EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English birthe (1250), from earlier burthe, burde,[1] from Old Norse burðr, byrd[2] (Old Swedish byrth, Swedish börd), replacing Old English ġebyrd (rare variant byrþ)[3], equivalent to bear +‎ -th (compare also berth). The Old Norse is from Proto-Germanic *burdiz (compare Old Frisian berde, berd); Old English ġebyrd is from prefixed *gaburþiz (compare Dutch geboorte, German Geburt), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥tis (compare Latin fors (luck), Old Irish brith), from *bʰer- (to carry, bear). More at bear.

NounEdit

 
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birth (countable and uncountable, plural births)

  1. (uncountable) The process of childbearing; the beginning of life.
  2. (countable) An instance of childbirth.
    Intersex babies account for roughly one per cent of all births.
  3. (countable) A beginning or start; a point of origin.
    the birth of an empire
  4. (uncountable) The circumstances of one's background, ancestry, or upbringing.
    He was of noble birth, but fortune had not favored him.
    • 1843, William H. Prescott, History Of The Conquest Of Mexico And History Of The Conquest Of Peru[1], The Modern Library, page 42:
      without reference to birth, but solely for their qualifications
    • 1861, Anthony Trollope, Framley Parsonage
      Lucy [] had no fortune, which, though a minor evil, was an evil; and she had no birth, in the high-life sense of the word, which was a greater evil.
  5. That which is born.
    • 1692, Ben Jonson, “Epigrams”, in The Works of Ben Jonson[2], page 288:
      That poets are far rarer births than kings.
    • 1761, Joseph Addison, The Works of Joseph Addison[3], volume 3, John Baskerville, page 49:
      Others hatch their eggs and tend the birth till it is able to shift for itself.
  6. Misspelling of berth.
AntonymsEdit
  • (beginning of life): death
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

birth (not comparable)

  1. A familial relationship established by childbirth.
    Her birth father left when she was a baby; she was raised by her mother and stepfather.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English birthen, birðen, from the noun (see above).

VerbEdit

birth (third-person singular simple present births, present participle birthing, simple past and past participle birthed)

  1. To bear or give birth to (a child).
  2. (figuratively) To produce, give rise to.
    • 2006, R. Bruce Hull, Infinite Nature[4], University of Chicago Press, →ISBN, page 156:
      Biological evolution created a human mind that enabled cultural evolution, which now outpaces and outclasses the force that birthed it.
Usage notesEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit
  1. ^ Robert K. Barnhart, ed., Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (1988; reprint, Edinburgh: Chambers, 2008), 95.
  2. ^ Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson's 1874 Icelandic-English dictionary.
  3. ^ Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller's 1898 Anglo-Saxon dictionary.

AlbanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From birë (hole).

NounEdit

birth m (indefinite plural birthe, definite singular birthi, definite plural birthat)

  1. pimple, blemish
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Diminutive -th lengthening of bir (son).

NounEdit

birth m (indefinite plural birthe, definite singular birthi, definite plural birthat)

  1. son, little boy