Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱíteros

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

PIE word
*ḱe

From *ḱí or *ḱís (deictic) +‎ *-teros (contrastive suffix).

Adjective edit

*ḱíteros (non-ablauting)[1]

  1. this one, the closer one

Inflection edit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *ḱíteros *ḱítereh₂
genitive *ḱíterosyo *ḱítereh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *ḱíteros *ḱíteroh₁ *ḱíteroes
vocative *ḱítere *ḱíteroh₁ *ḱíteroes
accusative *ḱíterom *ḱíteroh₁ *ḱíteroms
genitive *ḱíterosyo *? *ḱíteroHom
ablative *ḱíteread *? *ḱíteromos
dative *ḱíteroey *? *ḱíteromos
locative *ḱíterey, *ḱíteroy *? *ḱíteroysu
instrumental *ḱíteroh₁ *? *ḱíterōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *ḱítereh₂ *ḱítereh₂h₁(e) *ḱítereh₂es
vocative *ḱítereh₂ *ḱítereh₂h₁(e) *ḱítereh₂es
accusative *ḱíterām *ḱítereh₂h₁(e) *ḱítereh₂m̥s
genitive *ḱítereh₂s *? *ḱítereh₂oHom
ablative *ḱítereh₂s *? *ḱítereh₂mos
dative *ḱítereh₂ey *? *ḱítereh₂mos
locative *ḱítereh₂, *ḱítereh₂i *? *ḱítereh₂su
instrumental *ḱítereh₂h₁ *? *ḱítereh₂mis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *ḱíterom *ḱíteroy(h₁) *ḱítereh₂
vocative *ḱíterom *ḱíteroy(h₁) *ḱítereh₂
accusative *ḱíterom *ḱíteroy(h₁) *ḱítereh₂
genitive *ḱíterosyo *? *ḱíteroHom
ablative *ḱíteread *? *ḱíteromos
dative *ḱíteroey *? *ḱíteromos
locative *ḱíterey, *ḱíteroy *? *ḱíteroysu
instrumental *ḱíteroh₁ *? *ḱíterōys

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Germanic: *hidrê[2] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *kiteros[1]

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “cis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 115–116
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*xiđrēt”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 172