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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱléwos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *ḱlew- +‎ *-os.

NounEdit

*ḱléwos n (oblique stem *ḱléwes-)[1]

  1. fame

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *ḱléwos
genitive *ḱléwesos
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱléwos *ḱléwesih₁ *ḱléwōs
vocative *ḱléwos *ḱléwesih₁ *ḱléwōs
accusative *ḱléwos *ḱléwesih₁ *ḱléwōs
genitive *ḱléwesos *? *ḱléwesoHom
ablative *ḱléwesos *? *ḱléwesmos
dative *ḱléwesey *? *ḱléwesmos
locative *ḱléwes, *ḱléwesi *? *ḱléwesu
instrumental *ḱléwesh₁ *? *ḱléwesbʰi

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: *klāusnja (denominative)[2]
  • Balto-Slavic: *ślowes- (*ew > *ow / _V)[3][4]
    • Latvian: slava (rumor, reputation, fame), slave
    • Lithuanian: šlãvė (honor, respect, fame)
    • Slavic: *slȍvo (word) (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *klowos[5] (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *kléwos[6] (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *ĉráwas (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: [Term?] (< *h₁némn̥-ḱléw-o-s (fame of name))

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “quaj ~ quej”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 363
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 452
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 454
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 210–211
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “κλέος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 712-713