Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱwṓ

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Hamp has suggested derivation from *péḱu.[1]

NounEdit

*ḱwṓ m

  1. dog

InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *ḱwṓ
genitive *ḱunés
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱwṓ *ḱwónh₁(e) *ḱwónes
vocative *ḱwón *ḱwónh₁(e) *ḱwónes
accusative *ḱwónm̥ *ḱwónh₁(e) *ḱwónm̥s
genitive *ḱunés *? *ḱunóHom
ablative *ḱunés *? *ḱwn̥mós
dative *ḱunéy *? *ḱwn̥mós
locative *ḱwén, ḱwéni *? *ḱwn̥sú
instrumental *ḱunéh₁ *? *ḱwn̥bʰí

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Anatolian:
    • Hittite: 𒆪𒉿𒀸 (ku-wa-aš /kuwaš/), 𒆪𒉿𒈾𒀭 (ku-wa-na-an /kuwanan/, acc.sg.)
    • Luwian:
      Anatolian Hieroglyphs: [Anatolian Hieroglyphs needed] (zúwa/in(i)-)
    • Lydian: [script needed] (kan-)
  • Armenian:
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *śwṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
    • ? Proto-Slavic: *sǫka (bitch (female dog)) (see there for further descendants) < + *-kāˀ
  • Proto-Celtic: *kū (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *hundaz (< *ḱun-tós or *ḱwn̥-tós) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic:
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ćwā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *kō (see there for further descendants)
  • Phrygian: κύνας (kúnas, accusative plural)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *ku (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hamp, Eric (1980) Indogermanische Forschungen, volume 85, pages 35–42