սկունդ

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian սկունդ (skund)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

սկունդ (skund)

  1. (dated) small dog, puppy

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin is uncertain.

Attested only in Grigor Magistros (11th c.) and Nersēs Šnorhali (12th c.), both from the noble Pahlavuni family. Not recorded in any dialect, although Ačaṙyan tentatively compares Tokat dialect կոնդիկ (kondik, puppy). Probably contained in Old Armenian սկնդ-իկ (sknd-ik), սկնդ-ուկ (sknd-uk, deserted or barren wife).

Often derived from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwon-t-, from *ḱwṓ (dog), whence շուն (šun), with the same enlargement as in Proto-Germanic *hundaz,[1][2][3][4] but this assumes Proto-Indo-European *ḱw yields Old Armenian *սգ (*sg)սկ (sk), which contradicts շուն (šun) and էշ (ēš)[5].

Has also been compared to a group of related words in the Iranian languages of Pamir — Wakhi skən, Ishkashimi *skənůk, Yazghulami *sək̊on, Munji skun (puppy), as well as to Ossetian стӕн (stæn, male dog) and Proto-Slavic *ščenę (young animal), and all have been derived from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ken- (young).[6][7][8][9] But note that Proto-Indo-European *sk- cannot yield սկ- (sk-).[10][5] It is better to assume a borrowing from the Iranian cognate.

Compare also Ancient Greek σκύμνος (skúmnos), σκύλαξ (skúlax).

NounEdit

սկունդ (skund)

  1. dog, puppy
    Synonym: շուն (šun)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: սկունդ (skund)

Further readingEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837) , “սկունդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 722a
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 521, 582
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “սկունդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 644b
  • Ravnæs, Erling (1991) The chronology of the sound changes from Proto-Indo-European to Classical Armenian. Thesis, University of Oslo, pages 141–142

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979) , “սկունդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 230–231
  2. ^ Meillet, Antoine (1936) Esquisse d’une grammaire comparée de l’arménien classique (in French), 2nd edition, Vienna: Mekhitarist Press, pages 50–51
  3. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 387
  4. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, page 439
  5. 5.0 5.1 Klingenschmitt, Gert (1982) Das altarmenische Verbum (in German), Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 225
  6. ^ Morgenstierne, Georg (1938) Iranian Pamir Languages (Yidgha-Munji, Sanglechi-Ishkashmi and Wakhi) (Indo-Iranian Frontier Languages), volume II, Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co., page 199b
  7. ^ Abajev, V. I. (1965) Skifo-jevropejskije izoglossy. Na styke Vostoka i Zapada [Scythian–European isoglosses. At the junction of East and West] (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka, pages 21–22
  8. ^ Paxalina, T. N. (1975) Vaxanskij jazyk [The Wakhi Language], Moscow: Nauka, page 255b
  9. ^ Steblin-Kamenskij, I.M. (1999) , “skən”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ vaxanskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Wakhi Language] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Peterburgskoje Vostokovedenije, →ISBN, page 313
  10. ^ Meillet, Antoine (1936) Esquisse d’une grammaire comparée de l’arménien classique (in French), 2nd edition, Vienna: Mekhitarist Press, pages 32–33