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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ. Cognates include Latin canis, Sanskrit श्वन् (śván) and Old English hund (English hound). The final (-n) in the nominative singular which was absent in *ḱwṓ was restored in Greek by analogy to other forms in the paradigm.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ký.ɔːn/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈky.on/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈky.on/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈcy.on/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈci.on/
  • NounEdit

    κῠ́ων (kúōnm, f (genitive κῠνός); third declension

    1. a dog
      Ψύλλους ὁ κύων ἔχει. - Ὁ κύων ψύλλους ἔχει. - Ἔχει ὁ κύων ψύλλους.
      Psúllous ho kúōn ékhei. - Ho kúōn psúllous ékhei. - Ékhei ho kúōn psúllous.
      The dog has fleas.
    2. a bitch
    3. (pejorative) a bitch (used of women, to denote shamelessness or audacity)
    4. an offensive person

    DeclensionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit