Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰeh₂ǵʰús

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

NounEdit

*bʰeh₂ǵʰús m[2][3]

  1. arm

InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *bʰeh₂ǵʰús
genitive *bʰeh₂ǵʰéws
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰeh₂ǵʰús *bʰeh₂ǵʰúh₁(e) *bʰeh₂ǵʰúes
vocative *bʰeh₂ǵʰú *bʰeh₂ǵʰúh₁(e) *bʰeh₂ǵʰúes
accusative *bʰeh₂ǵʰúm *bʰeh₂ǵʰúh₁(e) *bʰeh₂ǵʰúms
genitive *bʰeh₂ǵʰéws *? *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwoHom
ablative *bʰeh₂ǵʰéws *? *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwmos
dative *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwey *? *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwmos
locative *bʰeh₂ǵʰéw, *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwi *? *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwsu
instrumental *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwh₁ *? *bʰeh₂ǵʰéwbʰi

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Germanic: *bōguz
  • Proto-Hellenic: *pā́kʰus
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *bʰaHȷ́ʰúš (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *pokowjä-[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 72
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 26
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “poko*”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 434: “*pokowi̯ä-”