Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰowdʰéyeti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

*bʰewdʰ- (aware, alert) +‎ *-éyeti (causative).

VerbEdit

*bʰowdʰéyeti (imperfective)[1][2][3]

  1. to make aware
  2. to awaken, arouse

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *bʰowdʰéyeti
3rd plural *bʰowdʰéyonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰowdʰéyoh₂ *bʰowdʰéyom *bʰowdʰéyōh₂ *bʰowdʰéyoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *bʰowdʰéyesi *bʰowdʰéyes *bʰowdʰéye *bʰowdʰéyēsi *bʰowdʰéyoys
3rd singular *bʰowdʰéyeti *bʰowdʰéyet *bʰowdʰéyetu *bʰowdʰéyēti *bʰowdʰéyoyt
1st dual *bʰowdʰéyowos *bʰowdʰéyowe *bʰowdʰéyōwos *bʰowdʰéyoywe
2nd dual *bʰowdʰéyetes *bʰowdʰéyetom *bʰowdʰéyetom *bʰowdʰéyētes *bʰowdʰéyoytom
3rd dual *bʰowdʰéyetes *bʰowdʰéyetām *bʰowdʰéyetām *bʰowdʰéyētes *bʰowdʰéyoytām
1st plural *bʰowdʰéyomos *bʰowdʰéyome *bʰowdʰéyōmos *bʰowdʰéyoyme
2nd plural *bʰowdʰéyete *bʰowdʰéyete *bʰowdʰéyete *bʰowdʰéyēte *bʰowdʰéyoyte
3rd plural *bʰowdʰéyonti *bʰowdʰéyont *bʰowdʰéyontu *bʰowdʰéyōnti *bʰowdʰéyoyh₁n̥t
Participle *bʰowdʰéyonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰowdʰéyoh₂er *bʰowdʰéyoh₂e *bʰowdʰéyōh₂er *bʰowdʰéyoyh₂e
2nd singular *bʰowdʰéyeth₂er *bʰowdʰéyeth₂e *bʰowdʰéyeso *bʰowdʰéyēth₂er *bʰowdʰéyoyth₂e
3rd singular *bʰowdʰéyetor *bʰowdʰéyeto *? *bʰowdʰéyētor *bʰowdʰéyoyto, *bʰowdʰéyoyh₁o
1st dual *bʰowdʰéyowosdʰh₂ *bʰowdʰéyowedʰh₂ *bʰowdʰéyōwosdʰh₂ *bʰowdʰéyoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *bʰowdʰéyomosdʰh₂ *bʰowdʰéyomedʰh₂ *bʰowdʰéyōmosdʰh₂ *bʰowdʰéyoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *bʰowdʰéyedʰh₂we *bʰowdʰéyedʰh₂we *bʰowdʰéyedʰh₂we *bʰowdʰéyēdʰh₂we *bʰowdʰéyoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *bʰowdʰéyoror, *bʰowdʰéyontor *bʰowdʰéyoro, *bʰowdʰéyonto *? *bʰowdʰéyōror, *bʰowdʰéyōntor *bʰowdʰéyoyro, *bʰowdʰéyoyh₁n̥to
Participle *bʰowdʰéyomnos

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*bheudh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 150-152
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeu̯dʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 82-83
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “baudyti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 83