Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-éyeti

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

edit

Etymology

edit

From *-yeti.

Suffix

edit

*(o)-éyeti

  1. Forms causative imperfective verbs from roots.
  2. Forms iterative or frequentative imperfective verbs from roots.

Inflection

edit
Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *(o)-éyeti
3rd plural *(o)-éyonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(o)-éyoh₂ *(o)-éyom *(o)-éyōh₂ *(o)-éyoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *(o)-éyesi *(o)-éyes *(o)-éye *(o)-éyēsi *(o)-éyoys
3rd singular *(o)-éyeti *(o)-éyet *(o)-éyetu *(o)-éyēti *(o)-éyoyt
1st dual *(o)-éyowos *(o)-éyowe *(o)-éyōwos *(o)-éyoywe
2nd dual *(o)-éyetes *(o)-éyetom *(o)-éyetom *(o)-éyētes *(o)-éyoytom
3rd dual *(o)-éyetes *(o)-éyetām *(o)-éyetām *(o)-éyētes *(o)-éyoytām
1st plural *(o)-éyomos *(o)-éyome *(o)-éyōmos *(o)-éyoyme
2nd plural *(o)-éyete *(o)-éyete *(o)-éyete *(o)-éyēte *(o)-éyoyte
3rd plural *(o)-éyonti *(o)-éyont *(o)-éyontu *(o)-éyōnti *(o)-éyoyh₁n̥t
Participle *(o)-éyonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(o)-éyoh₂er *(o)-éyoh₂e *(o)-éyōh₂er *(o)-éyoyh₂e
2nd singular *(o)-éyeth₂er *(o)-éyeth₂e *(o)-éyeso *(o)-éyēth₂er *(o)-éyoyth₂e
3rd singular *(o)-éyetor *(o)-éyeto *? *(o)-éyētor *(o)-éyoyto, *(o)-éyoyh₁o
1st dual *(o)-éyowosdʰh₂ *(o)-éyowedʰh₂ *(o)-éyōwosdʰh₂ *(o)-éyoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *(o)-éyomosdʰh₂ *(o)-éyomedʰh₂ *(o)-éyōmosdʰh₂ *(o)-éyoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *(o)-éyedʰh₂we *(o)-éyedʰh₂we *(o)-éyedʰh₂we *(o)-éyēdʰh₂we *(o)-éyoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *(o)-éyoror, *(o)-éyontor *(o)-éyoro, *(o)-éyonto *? *(o)-éyōror, *(o)-éyōntor *(o)-éyoyro, *(o)-éyoyh₁n̥to
Participle *(o)-éyomnos

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit

References

edit
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN