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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰudʰmḗn

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possible metathesis from *dʰub- ~ *dʰewb- (deep) +‎ *-mḗn (see *-mn̥).[1]

NounEdit

*bʰudʰmḗn m (oblique stem *bʰudʰ(m̥)n-)

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InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *bʰudʰmḗn
genitive *bʰudʰm̥nés
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰudʰmḗn *bʰudʰménh₁(e) *bʰudʰménes
vocative *bʰudʰmén *bʰudʰménh₁(e) *bʰudʰménes
accusative *bʰudʰménm̥ *bʰudʰménh₁(e) *bʰudʰménn̥s
genitive *bʰudʰm̥nés *? *bʰudʰm̥nóHom
ablative *bʰudʰm̥nés *? *bʰudʰmn̥mós
dative *bʰudʰm̥néy *? *bʰudʰmn̥mós
locative *bʰudʰmén, *bʰudʰméni *? *bʰudʰmn̥sú
instrumental *bʰudʰm̥néh₁ *? *bʰudʰmn̥bʰí

Kroonen suggests the loss of the -m- in the oblique stem early in PIE. This shortened oblique form *bʰudʰn- may have been reanalyzed as a thematic noun *bʰudʰnós.[2]


Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *bʰudʰmḗn
genitive *bʰudʰnés
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰudʰmḗn *bʰudʰménh₁(e) *bʰudʰménes
vocative *bʰudʰmén *bʰudʰménh₁(e) *bʰudʰménes
accusative *bʰudʰménm̥ *bʰudʰménh₁(e) *bʰudʰménn̥s
genitive *bʰudʰnés *? *bʰudʰnóHom
ablative *bʰudʰnés *? *bʰudʰn̥mós
dative *bʰudʰnéy *? *bʰudʰn̥mós
locative *bʰudʰmén, *bʰudʰméni *? *bʰudʰn̥sú
instrumental *bʰudʰnéh₁ *? *bʰudʰn̥bʰí

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*budman- ~ *buttman-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 82
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “fundus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 250
  3. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 28
  4. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 80: “However, one cannot be absolutely sure whether we are dealing with a shared innovation or independent developments in Indo-Iranian and Armenian.”
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πυθμήν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1255
  6. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 186–190