From Middle English botme, botome, bothom, bothum, botham, from Old English botm, bodan (“ground, soil, lowest part”), from Proto-Germanic *butmaz (compare Old Norse botn, Swedish botten), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰud-, a variant of Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰ-, *bʰudʰmḗn. The other Proto-Germanic variant of the root, *budm-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰ-, gave rise to Dutch bodem (“bottom, ground”), Old Frisian boden (“soil”), German Boden (“ground, earth, soil”). For cognates in other branches of Indo-European, compare Sanskrit बुध्न (budhna), Ancient Greek πυθμήν (puthmḗn, “foundation”), Latin fundus (“bottom, piece of land, farm”), Old Irish bond (“sole of the foot”), Albanian buzë (“lip, end, rim”). Meaning "posterior of a man" is from 1794; the verb "to reach the bottom of" is from 1808. Bottom dollar "the last dollar one has" is from 1882.
bottom (countable and uncountable, plural bottoms)
- The lowest part of anything.
- barrels with the bottom knocked out
- Washington Irving
- No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low backs and leather bottoms and worsted bottoms.
- Footers appear at the bottoms of pages.
- (uncountable, Britain, slang) Character, reliability, staying power, dignity, integrity or sound judgment.
- lack bottom
- (Britain, US) A valley, often used in place names.
- Where shall we go for a walk? How about Ashcombe Bottom?
- the bottoms and the high grounds
- The buttocks or anus.
- (nautical) A cargo vessel, a ship.
- (nautical) Certain parts of a vessel, particularly the cargo hold or the portion of the ship that is always underwater.
- My ventures are not in one bottom trusted.
- Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London in the same bottoms in which they were shipped.
- (baseball) The second half of an inning, the home team's turn at bat.
- (BDSM) A submissive in sadomasochistic sexual activity.
- (LGBT, slang) A man penetrated or with a preference for being penetrated during homosexual intercourse.
- (physics) A bottom quark.
- (often figuratively) The lowest part of a container.
2011 December 21, Helen Pidd, “Europeans migrate south as continent drifts deeper into crisis”, in the Guardian:
In Ireland, where 14.5% of the population are jobless, emigration has climbed steadily since 2008, when Lehman Brothers collapsed and the bottom fell out of the Irish housing market. In the 12 months to April this year, 40,200 Irish passport-holders left, up from 27,700 the previous year, according to the central statistics office. Irish nationals were by far the largest constituent group among emigrants, at almost 53%.
- A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon.
- Silkworms finish their bottoms in […] fifteen days.
- The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, or sea.
- An abyss.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
- (obsolete) Power of endurance.
- a horse of a good bottom
- (obsolete) Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
- (usually: bottoms or bottomland) Low-lying land near a river with alluvial soil.
- Afrikaans: onderkant
- Albanian: fund (sq) m
- Arabic: قَاع m (qāʿ), قَعْر (ar) m (qaʿr)
- Armenian: տակ (hy) (tak), հիմք (hy) (himkʿ), ներքև (nerkʿew), հատակ (hy) (hatak)
- Aromanian: fundu, afundu
- Belarusian: дно n (dno), ніз m (niz)
- Bulgarian: дъно́ (bg) n (dǎnó)
- Catalan: fons (ca) m
- Mandarin: 底部 (zh) (dǐbù), 底端 (dǐduān), 底 (zh) (dǐ)
- Cornish: goles m
- Czech: dno (cs) n, spodek
- Danish: bund (da)
- Dutch: onderkant (nl) m, bodem (nl) f
- Esperanto: fundo (eo), malsupro
- Finnish: pohja (fi), alapää (fi)
- French: fond (fr) m, bas (fr) m, dessous (fr) m
- Friulian: font m, fonz m
- Galician: fondo (gl) m
- Georgian: ძირი (ʒiri)
- German: Boden (de) m, Grund (de) m, Unterseite (de) f
- Gothic: *𐌲𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 m (*grundus)
- Greek: πάτος (el) m (pátos), πυθμένας (el) m (pythménas)
- Ancient: πυθμήν m (puthmḗn), πύνδαξ m (púndax)
- Haitian Creole: anba
- Hebrew: תחתית (he) f (takhtyt)
- Hungarian: alj (hu), fenék (hu)
- Icelandic: botn m
- Italian: fondo (it), parte (it) inferiore (it) f
- Japanese: 底 (ja) (そこ, soko), 下部 (かぶ, kabu)
- Komi-Permyak: пыдӧс (pydös)
- Korean: 밑 (ko) (mit), 바닥 (ko) (badak), 바탕 (ko) (batang)
- Kurdish: bin (ku), jêr (ku)
- Ladin: fond
- Latgalian: zamoška f, zemīne f
- Latin: fundus m, solum (la) n
- Latvian: apakša f
- Macedonian: дно n (dno)
- Maori: takere, whakatakere, tou, tangere (of a container)
- Mongolian: доод хэсэг (dood heseg), ёроол (mn) (jorool)
- Ngazidja Comorian: trako
- Old Prussian: dubnas m
- Ossetian: бын (byn)
- Persian: ته (fa) (tah)
- Polish: dno (pl) n
- Portuguese: fundo (pt) m
- Romanian: fund (ro)
- Russian: дно (ru) n (dno), низ (ru) m (niz), ни́жняя часть f (nížnjaja častʹ)
- Sardinian: fundhu m, fundu m, funnu m
- Cyrillic: дно n
- Roman: dno (sh) n
- Sicilian: funnu (scn)
- Slovak: spodok
- Slovene: dno n
- Spanish: fondo (es) m
- Swedish: botten (sv)
- Thai: กก (th) (gòk), ก้น (th) (gôn), โคน (th) (koon)
- Turkish: alt (tr), dip (tr)
- Udmurt: пыдэс (pydes)
- Ukrainian: дно n (dno), низ (uk) m (nyz)
- Venetian: fondo m
- Vietnamese: đáy (vi)
- Walloon: fond (wa) m, dizo (wa) m
- Welsh: gwaelod (cy) m
- Zazaki: bin, cêr
character, reliability, staying power, dignity, integrity or sound judgment
euphemistic: buttocks or anus
- Italian: sedere (it) m
- Korean: (for buttocks) 궁둥이 (ko) (gungdung-i), (for anus) 똥구멍 (ko) (ttonggumeong)
- Latin: culus (la) m
- Macedonian: за́дник m (zádnik), газ m (gaz)
- Maori: kumu, kōtore
- Polish: zadek (pl) m, tyłek (pl) m
- Portuguese: cu (pt) m, fundilho m
- Romanian: cur (ro) n, fund (ro), șezut (ro), dos (ro)
- Russian: зад (ru) m (zad), по́па (ru) f (pópa)
- Scottish Gaelic: màs m, tòn f
- Slovak: zadok
- Spanish: culo (es) m
- Welsh: rhefr, pen-ôl m
baseball: second half of an inning, the home team's turn at bat
BDSM: submissive in sadomasochism
gay sexual slang: penetrated partner in sex
- Arabic: سالِب m (sālib)
- Cantonese: 被動, 被动 (bei6 dung6), 零 (ling4), 0
- Mandarin: 被動 (zh), 被动 (zh) (bèidòng), 零 (zh) (líng), 0 (zh)
- Danish: passiv
- Dutch: bottom (nl)
- Esperanto: please add this translation if you can
- Estonian: passiivne
- Finnish: ottava osapuoli, bottom (fi)
- French: passif (fr), enculé (fr) m
- German: passiv (de)
- Ancient: παθικός m (pathikós)
- Hebrew: פָּסִיבִי m (pasívi), פַּס (he) m (pas)
- Italian: passivo (it) m
- Japanese: ネコ (ja) (neko), 受け (uke), 凹 (ja)
lowest part of a container
ball or skein of thread; a cocoon
dregs or grounds, lees, sediment
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
bottom (third-person singular simple present bottoms, present participle bottoming, simple past and past participle bottomed)
- To fall to the lowest point.
- John J. Murphy, Intermarket Analysis: Profiting from Global Market Relationships (2004) page 119:
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average bottomed on September 24, 2001. The CRB Index bottomed on October 24.
- To establish firmly; to found or justify on or upon something; to set on a firm footing; to set or rest on or upon something which provides support or authority.
- Action is supposed to be bottomed upon principle.
- those false and deceiving grounds upon which many bottom their eternal state
- United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law, Executive Orders and Presidential Directives, (2001) p.59.
- Moreover, the Supreme Court has held that the President must obey outstanding executive orders, even when bottomed on the Constitution, until they are revoked.
- (intransitive) To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or grounded.
- John Locke
- Find on what foundation any proposition bottoms.
- (intransitive) To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of a cylinder.
- (obsolete, transitive) To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.
- As you unwind her love from him, / Lest it should ravel and be good to none, / You must provide to bottom it on me.
- (transitive) To furnish with a bottom.
- to bottom a chair
- (intransitive) To be the submissive in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
- (intransitive) To be anally penetrated in gay sex.
- I've never bottomed in my life.
to be anally penetrated in gay sex
- Danish: please add this translation if you can
bottom (not comparable)
- The lowest or last place or position.
- Those files should go on the bottom shelf.
lowest or last place or position