From Middle English botme, botom, from Old English botm, bodan (“bottom, foundation; ground, abyss”), from Proto-Germanic *butmaz, *budmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰmḗn (“bottom”). Cognate with Dutch bodem, German Boden, Icelandic botn, Danish bund; also Irish bonn (“sole (of foot)”), Ancient Greek πυθμήν (puthmḗn, “bottom of a cup or jar”), Sanskrit बुध्न (budhna, “bottom”), Persian بن (bon, “bottom”), Latin fundus (“bottom”) (whence fund, via French). The sense “posterior of a person” is from 1794; the “verb to reach the bottom of” is from 1808. bottom dollar (“the last dollar one has”) is from 1882.
bottom (countable and uncountable, plural bottoms)
- The lowest part of anything.
18, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 13, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume (please specify |volume=I, II, III, IV, or V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 1069526323:
barrels with the bottoms knocked out
- 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island, chapter 19
- a great ship's kettle of iron, with the bottom knocked out}}
- (Can we date this quote by Washington Irving and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
- No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low backs and leather bottoms and worsted bottoms.
- Footers appear at the bottoms of pages.
- A garment worn to cover below the torso (as opposed to the top)
There's a hole in her pyjama bottoms.
- (uncountable, Britain, slang) Character, reliability, staying power, dignity, integrity or sound judgment.
- lack bottom
- (Britain, US) A valley, often used in place names.
- Where shall we go for a walk? How about Ashcombe Bottom?
- (Can we date this quote by Stoddard and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
- the bottoms and the high grounds
- The buttocks or anus.
- (nautical) A cargo vessel, a ship.
- (nautical) Certain parts of a vessel, particularly the cargo hold or the portion of the ship that is always underwater.
c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i]:
My ventures are not in one bottom trusted.
- (Can we date this quote by Bancroft and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
- Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London in the same bottoms in which they were shipped.
- (baseball) The second half of an inning, the home team's turn at bat.
- (BDSM) A submissive in sadomasochistic sexual activity.
- (LGBT, slang) A person with a preference for being penetrated during sexual intercourse.
- (physics) A bottom quark.
- (often figuratively) The lowest part of a container.
2011 December 21, Helen Pidd, “Europeans migrate south as continent drifts deeper into crisis”, in the Guardian:
In Ireland, where 14.5% of the population are jobless, emigration has climbed steadily since 2008, when Lehman Brothers collapsed and the bottom fell out of the Irish housing market. In the 12 months to April this year, 40,200 Irish passport-holders left, up from 27,700 the previous year, according to the central statistics office. Irish nationals were by far the largest constituent group among emigrants, at almost 53%.
- A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon.
- (Can we date this quote by Mortimer and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
- Silkworms finish their bottoms in […] fifteen days.
- The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, or sea.
- An abyss.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
- (obsolete) Power of endurance.
- a horse of a good bottom
- (obsolete) Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
- (usually: bottoms or bottomland) Low-lying land near a river with alluvial soil.
- Afrikaans: onderkant
- Albanian: fund (sq) m
- Arabic: قَاع m (qāʿ), قَعْر (ar) m (qaʿr)
- Armenian: տակ (hy) (tak), հիմք (hy) (himkʿ), ներքև (nerkʿew), հատակ (hy) (hatak)
- Aromanian: fundu, afundu
- Azerbaijani: dib (az), alt (az)
- Belarusian: дно n (dno), ніз m (niz)
- Bulgarian: дъно́ (bg) n (dǎnó)
- Catalan: fons (ca) m
- Mandarin: 底部 (zh) (dǐbù), 底端 (dǐduān), 底 (zh) (dǐ)
- Cornish: goles m
- Czech: dno (cs) n, spodek
- Danish: bund (da)
- Dutch: onderkant (nl) m, bodem (nl) f
- Esperanto: fundo (eo), malsupro
- Finnish: pohja (fi), alapää (fi)
- French: fond (fr) m, bas (fr) m, dessous (fr) m
- Friulian: font m, fonz m
- Galician: fondo (gl) m
- Georgian: ძირი (ʒiri)
- German: Boden (de) m, Grund (de) m, Unterseite (de) f
- Gothic: *𐌲𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 m (*grundus)
- Greek: πάτος (el) m (pátos), πυθμένας (el) m (pythménas)
- Ancient: πυθμήν m (puthmḗn), πύνδαξ m (púndax)
- Haitian Creole: anba
- Hebrew: תחתית (he) f (takhtít)
- Hungarian: alj (hu), fenék (hu)
- Icelandic: botn m
- Italian: fondo (it), (please verify) parte inferiore f
- Japanese: 底 (ja) (そこ, soko), 下部 (かぶ, kabu)
- Komi-Permyak: пыдӧс (pydös)
- Korean: 밑 (ko) (mit), 바닥 (ko) (badak), 바탕 (ko) (batang)
- Kurdish: bin (ku), jêr (ku)
- Ladin: fond
- Latgalian: zamoška f, zemīne f
- Latin: fundus m, solum (la) n
- Latvian: apakša f
- Macedonian: дно n (dno)
- Maori: raro, takere, whakatakere, tou, tangere (of a container)
- Mongolian: доод хэсэг (dood heseg), ёроол (mn) (jorool)
- Ngazidja Comorian: trako
- Old Prussian: dubnas m
- Ossetian: бын (byn)
- Persian: ته (fa) (tah)
- Polish: dno (pl) n
- Portuguese: fundo (pt) m
- Romanian: fund (ro)
- Russian: дно (ru) n (dno), низ (ru) m (niz), ни́жняя часть f (nížnjaja častʹ)
- Sardinian: fundhu m, fundu m, funnu m
- Cyrillic: дно n
- Roman: dno (sh) n
- Sicilian: funnu (scn)
- Slovak: spodok
- Slovene: dno n
- Spanish: fondo (es) m
- Swedish: botten (sv)
- Thai: กก (th) (gòk), ก้น (th) (gôn), โคน (th) (koon)
- Turkish: alt (tr), dip (tr)
- Udmurt: пыдэс (pydes)
- Ukrainian: дно n (dno), низ (uk) m (nyz)
- Venetian: fondo m
- Vietnamese: đáy (vi)
- Walloon: fond (wa) m, dizo (wa) m
- Welsh: gwaelod (cy) m
- Zazaki: bin, cêr
garment worn on lower body
character, reliability, staying power, dignity, integrity or sound judgment
euphemistic: buttocks or anus
- Armenian: հետույք (hy) (hetuykʿ)
- Aromanian: cur m
- Breton: revr (br)
- Bulgarian: задник (bg) m (zadnik)
- Catalan: cul (ca) m
- Cornish: pedren f
- Dutch: bil (nl)
- Egyptian: (ꜥrt f)
- Esperanto: pugo (eo)
- Estonian: tagumik (et), istmik (et), taguots (et), tagument (et), ahter (et), pepu (et)
- Finnish: takapuoli (fi), takamus (fi), peppu (fi), pylly (fi), perä (fi), peffa (fi), pehva (fi), takalisto (fi)
- French: arrière-train (fr) m, cul (fr) m, derrière (fr) m, popotin (fr) m, potron m, séant (fr) m
- Friulian: cûl m
- Galician: cu (gl) m
- Greek: πισινός (el) (pisinós)
- Hebrew: תחת (he) (takhat), ישבן (he) m
- Italian: sedere (it) m
- Korean: (for buttocks) 궁둥이 (ko) (gungdung-i), (for anus) 똥구멍 (ko) (ttonggumeong)
- Latin: culus (la) m
- Macedonian: за́дник m (zádnik), газ m (gaz)
- Maori: kumu, kōtore
- Polish: zadek (pl) m, tyłek (pl) m
- Portuguese: cu (pt) m, fundilho m
- Romanian: cur (ro) n, fund (ro), șezut (ro), dos (ro)
- Russian: зад (ru) m (zad), по́па (ru) f (pópa)
- Inari: pottâ
- Northern: čurti, bahta
- Skolt: põtt
- Southern: ravve, råvve
- Scottish Gaelic: màs m, tòn f
- Serbo-Croatian: zadnjica (sh) f, tur (sh) m
- Slovak: zadok
- Spanish: culo (es) m
- Swedish: bak (sv) c, ända (sv) c, rumpa (sv) c, stjärt (sv) c
- Welsh: rhefr, pen-ôl m
baseball: second half of an inning, the home team's turn at bat
BDSM: submissive in sadomasochism
gay sexual slang: penetrated partner in sex
- Arabic: سَالِب m (sālib)
- Cantonese: 被動, 被动 (bei6 dung6), 零 (ling4), 0 (ling4)
- Mandarin: 被動 (zh), 被动 (zh) (bèidòng), 零 (zh) (líng), 0 (zh) (líng)
- Classical Nahuatl: cocoxqui, cuiloni
- Danish: passiv
- Dutch: bottom (nl)
- Esperanto: pasivulo
- Estonian: passiivne
- Finnish: ottava osapuoli, bottom (fi)
- French: passif (fr), enculé (fr) m
- German: passiv (de)
- Ancient: παθικός m (pathikós)
- Hebrew: פָּסִיבִי m (pasívi), פַּס (he) m (pas)
- Italian: passivo (it) m
- Japanese: ネコ (ja) (neko), 受け (uke), 凹 (ja)
lowest part of a container
ball or skein of thread; a cocoon
dregs or grounds, lees, sediment
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
bottom (third-person singular simple present bottoms, present participle bottoming, simple past and past participle bottomed)
- (transitive) To furnish (something) with a bottom. [from 16th c.]
- to bottom a chair
- (obsolete) To wind (like a ball of thread etc.). [17th c.]
- 1623, William Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, First Folio, III.2:
- As you vnwinde her loue from him, / Lest it should rauel and be good to none, / You must prouide to bottome it on me.
- (transitive) To establish or found (something) on or upon. [from 17th c.]
- 1790, Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, Oxford 2009, p. 26:
- But an absurd opinion concerning the king's hereditary right to the crown does not prejudice one that is rational, and bottomed upon solid principles of law and policy.
- (Can we date this quote by South and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
- those false and deceiving grounds upon which many bottom their eternal state
- 2001, United States Congress House Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law, Executive Orders and Presidential Directives, p.59:
- Moreover, the Supreme Court has held that the President must obey outstanding executive orders, even when bottomed on the Constitution, until they are revoked.
- (transitive, chiefly in passive) To lie on the bottom of; to underlie, to lie beneath. [from 18th c.]
- 1989, B Mukherjee, Jasmine:
- My first night in America was spent in a motel with plywood over its windows, its pool bottomed with garbage sacks.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To be based or grounded. [17th–19th c.]
- 'c. 1703, John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Reading and Study for a Gentleman
- Find out upon what foundation any proposition advanced bottoms.
- (mechanics, intransitive) To reach or strike against the bottom of something, so as to impede free action. [from 19th c.]
- To fall to the lowest point. [from 19th c.]
2004, John J. Murphy, Intermarket Analysis: Profiting from Global Market Relationships, page 119:
The Dow Jones Industrial Average bottomed on September 24, 2001. The CRB Index bottomed on October 24.
- (intransitive) To be the more passive or receiving partner in a sexual act or relationship; to be submissive in a BDSM relationship; to be anally penetrated in gay sex. [from 20th c.]
- I've never bottomed in my life.
to be anally penetrated in gay sex
- Danish: please add this translation if you can
bottom (not comparable)
- The lowest or last place or position.
- Those files should go on the bottom shelf.
lowest or last place or position