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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/bʰudʰnás

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-IranianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Adapted into a masculine a-stem noun from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰ(m̥)nés, genitive singular of *bʰudʰmḗn n.

NounEdit

*bʰudʰnás m[1]

  1. bottom, ground

DeclensionEdit

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰudʰnás *bʰudʰnā́ *bʰudʰnā́, -ā́s(as)
vocative *bʰudʰna *bʰudʰnā́ *bʰudʰnā́, -ā́s(as)
accusative *bʰudʰnám *bʰudʰnā́ *bʰudʰnā́ns
instrumental *bʰudʰnā́ *bʰudʰnáybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *bʰudʰnā́yš
ablative *bʰudʰnā́t *bʰudʰnáybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *bʰudʰnáybʰyas
dative *bʰudʰnā́y *bʰudʰnáybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *bʰudʰnáybʰyas
genitive *bʰudʰnásya *bʰudʰnáyās *bʰudʰnā́na(H)m
locative *bʰudʰnáy *bʰudʰnáyaw *bʰudʰnáyšu

DescendantsEdit

  • Indo-Aryan: *budʰnás
  • Iranian: *buHnáh (base, foundation)[2][3] (< *budnáh, assimilation of *d)
    • Avestan: 𐬠𐬏𐬥𐬀(būna)
    • Middle Persian:
      Book Pahlavi: bwn'(bun, base, foundation, bottom)
      Inscriptional Pahlavi: 𐭡𐭥𐭭𐭩(bwny, foundation)
      Manichaean: bwn(bun, base, bottom, foundation, beginning; root, source, origin; principle, basis)
      • Persian: بن(bon)
    • Parthian:
      Manichaean: bwn(bun, base, bottom, foundation, beginning; root, source, origin; principle, basis)
    • Kurdish: بن(bin, bottom, root)
    • Old Armenian: բուն (bun)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “budhná-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  2. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 186–190
  3. ^ Martínez García, Javier; de Vaan, Michiel (2014) Introduction to Avestan (Brill Introductions to Indo-European Languages; 1), Brill, →ISBN, page 29