Ancient Greek edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Hellenic *putʰmḗn, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰmḗn.

Cognate with πύνδαξ (púndax), Sanskrit बुध्न (budhná), Latin fundus, Old Armenian անդունդ (andund), Old English botm (English bottom).

Pronunciation edit


By position:


Noun edit

πῠθμήν or πῡθμήν (puthmḗn or pūthmḗnm (genitive πῠθμένος); third declension

  1. bottom of a cup or jar
  2. the bottom of the sea
  3. trunk, butt of a tree

Inflection edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: πυθμένας (pythménas)

References edit

  • πυθμήν”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • πυθμήν”, in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • πυθμήν”, in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • πυθμήν in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • πυθμήν in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • πυθμήν”, in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.