Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁weydʰh₁-

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

From a univerbation of *dwi- (apart) +‎ *dʰeh₁- (to put, place). The initial *d became *h₁ due to dissimilation; compare *h₁wídḱm̥ti (twenty).

Root edit

*h₁weydʰh₁- (perfective)

  1. to separate, divide

Derived terms edit

  • *h₁wi-dʰéh₁-t ~ *h₁wi-dʰh₁-ént (athematic root aorist)[1][2]
    • Proto-Italic: *wiðō (thematicized)[3]
      • Latin: dīvidō (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hwi-dʰáH-t[4]
  • *h₁widʰh₁-ské-ti[2][4][3]
    • Proto-Tocharian:
      • Tocharian A: wätk- (to distinguish)
      • Tocharian B: wätk- (to distinguish)
  • *h₁weydʰh₁-o-s[2]
    • Proto-Germanic: *wīdaz (wide) (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₁wéydʰh₁-u-s ~ *h₁widʰh₁-éw-s (separate)
    • Proto-Indo-European: *h₁widʰh₁-éw-h₂ (widow) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-European: *h₁weydʰh₁-u-s (wild)
      • ? Proto-Celtic: *wēdus[2][5] (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-European: *h₁widʰh₁-u-s (wood)
      • Proto-Germanic: *widuz (wood)[6] (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *widus (interior)[7]
        • Latgalian: vyds (middle)
        • Latvian: vidus (middle, center)
        • Lithuanian: vidùs (interior)
      • Proto-Celtic: *widus (wood, trees)[8] (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996), “VIDH”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*wīda-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 584-585
  3. 3.0 3.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “dīvidō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 174
  4. 4.0 4.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages *wēdu-–408
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*widu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 585
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “vidus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 500
  8. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*widu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 423