From Middle English dividen, from Latin dīvidere (“to divide”). Displaced native Old English tōdǣlan.
divide (third-person singular simple present divides, present participle dividing, simple past and past participle divided)
- (transitive) To split or separate (something) into two or more parts.
- a wall divides two houses; a stream divides the towns
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, 1 Kings 3:25:
- Divide the living child in two.
- (transitive) To share (something) by dividing it.
- How shall we divide this pie?
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, “Book V, Canto IV”, in The Faerie Queene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, stanza 1:
- true justice unto people to divide
- (transitive, arithmetic, with by) To calculate the number (the quotient) by which you must multiply one given number (the divisor) to produce a second given number (the dividend).
- If you divide 6 by 3, you get 2.
- Antonym: multiply
- (transitive, arithmetic) To be a divisor of.
- 3 divides 6.
- (intransitive) To separate into two or more parts.
- (intransitive, biology) Of a cell, to reproduce by dividing.
- 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
- [The researchers] noticed many of their pieces of [plastic marine] debris sported surface pits around two microns across. Such pits are about the size of a bacterial cell. Closer examination showed that some of these pits did, indeed, contain bacteria, and that in several cases these bacteria were dividing and thus, by the perverse arithmetic of biological terminology, multiplying.
- To disunite in opinion or interest; to make discordant or hostile; to set at variance.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Mark 3:24:
- If a kingdom be divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand.
- 1838, William H[ickling] Prescott, History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic. […], volume (please specify |volume=I to III), Boston, Mass.: American Stationers’ Company; John B. Russell, OCLC 198332973:
- Every family became now divided within itself.
- (obsolete) To break friendship; to fall out.
- 1605, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of King Lear, I. ii. 107:
- love cools, friendship / falls off, brothers divide.
- (obsolete) To have a share; to partake.
- 1608, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Coriolanus, I. vi. 87:
- Make good this ostentation, and you shall / Divide in all with us.
- To vote, as in the British parliament and other legislatures, by the members separating themselves into two parties (as on opposite sides of the hall or in opposite lobbies), that is, the ayes dividing from the noes.
- 1776, Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: […] W[illiam] Strahan; and T[homas] Cadell, […], OCLC 995235880:
- The emperors sat, voted, and divided with their equals.
- To mark divisions on; to graduate.
- to divide a sextant
- (music) To play or sing in a florid style, or with variations.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, “Book I, Canto V”, in The Faerie Queene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938:
- About the bed sweet musicke did divide
Terms derived from divide (verb and noun)
- (act of dividing): division
- (the sum being divided; the upper term in a fraction): dividend
- (the number of parts in a division; the lower term in a fraction): divisor
split into two or more parts
separate into two or more parts
of a cell
- fraction, fraction slash, ⁄, fraction bar, vinculum (Australia)
- ratio, ∶ (also improperly :)
- (product of division): quotient
- (extra amount left by uneven division): remainder
- division sign, obelus, ÷
- division slash, ∕ (also improperly /)
- long division symbol, division bracket, )‾ or |‾
divide (plural divides)
- A thing that divides.
- Stay on your side of the divide, please.
- An act of dividing.
- The divide left most of the good land on my share of the property.
- 1975, Byte (issues 1-8, page 14)
- The extended instruction set may double the speed again if a lot of multiplies and divides are done.
- A distancing between two people or things.
- There is a great divide between us.
- (geography) A large chasm, gorge, or ravine between two areas of land.
- If you're heading to the coast, you'll have to cross the divide first.
- The team crossed streams and jumped across deep, narrow divides in the glacier.
- 1922, A. M. Chisholm, A Thousand a Plate
- Carrying light packs they left camp at daylight the next morning. Trails there were none; but they followed the general course of a small creek, crossed a divide, and dipped down into a beautifully timbered valley watered by a swift, large creek of almost riverlike dimensions.
- (hydrology) The topographical boundary dividing two adjacent catchment basins, such as a ridge or a crest.
thing that divides
large chasm, gorge or ravine between two areas of land
topographical boundary dividing two adjacent catchment basins
- divide at OneLook Dictionary Search
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈdiː.u̯i.de/, [ˈd̪iːu̯ɪd̪ɛ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈdi.vi.de/, [ˈd̪iːvid̪e]
- Hyphenation: di‧vi‧de
- inflection of dividir:
a divide (third-person singular present divide, past participle not used) 3rd conj.
- (transitive, reflexive) to divide
- inflection of dividir: