Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂stḗr

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *h₂eh₁s- (to burn) +‎ *-tḗr (agent noun), so that the result literally meant "glower, shiner".

NounEdit

*h₂stḗr m[1]

  1. star

InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *h₂stḗr
genitive *h₂strés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂stḗr *h₂stérh₁(e) *h₂stéres
vocative *h₂stér *h₂stérh₁(e) *h₂stéres
accusative *h₂stérm̥ *h₂stérh₁(e) *h₂stérm̥s
genitive *h₂strés *? *h₂stróHom
ablative *h₂strés *? *h₂str̥mós
dative *h₂stréy *? *h₂str̥mós
locative *h₂stér, *h₂stéri *? *h₂str̥sú
instrumental *h₂stréh₁ *? *h₂str̥bʰí

DescendantsEdit

  • Anatolian: *Hstḗrs (see there for further descendants)
  • Armenian:
  • Celtic: *sterā (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *sternǭ, *sternô (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *astḗr
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hstā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *stērolā (diminutive)
    • Latin: stēlla (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *ścär-iye-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN