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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sodéyeti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *sed- (to sit) +‎ *-éyeti (causative/iterative suffix).

VerbEdit

*sodéyeti (imperfective)

  1. to set, to seat, to cause to sit

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *sodéyeti
3rd plural *sodéyonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *sodéyoh₂ *sodéyom *sodéyōh₂ *sodéyoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *sodéyesi *sodéyes *sodéye *sodéyēsi *sodéyoys
3rd singular *sodéyeti *sodéyet *sodéyetu *sodéyēti *sodéyoyt
1st dual *sodéyowos *sodéyowe *sodéyōwos *sodéyoywe
2nd dual *sodéyetes *sodéyetom *sodéyetom *sodéyētes *sodéyoytom
3rd dual *sodéyetes *sodéyetām *sodéyetām *sodéyētes *sodéyoytām
1st plural *sodéyomos *sodéyome *sodéyōmos *sodéyoyme
2nd plural *sodéyete *sodéyete *sodéyete *sodéyēte *sodéyoyte
3rd plural *sodéyonti *sodéyont *sodéyontu *sodéyōnti *sodéyoyh₁n̥t
Participle *sodéyonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *sodéyoh₂er *sodéyoh₂e *sodéyōh₂er *sodéyoyh₂e
2nd singular *sodéyeth₂er *sodéyeth₂e *sodéyeso *sodéyēth₂er *sodéyoyth₂e
3rd singular *sodéyetor *sodéyeto *? *sodéyētor *sodéyoyto, *sodéyoyh₁o
1st dual *sodéyowosdʰh₂ *sodéyowedʰh₂ *sodéyōwosdʰh₂ *sodéyoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *sodéyomosdʰh₂ *sodéyomedʰh₂ *sodéyōmosdʰh₂ *sodéyoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *sodéyedʰh₂we *sodéyedʰh₂we *sodéyedʰh₂we *sodéyēdʰh₂we *sodéyoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *sodéyoror, *sodéyontor *sodéyoro, *sodéyonto *? *sodéyōror, *sodéyōntor *sodéyoyro, *sodéyoyh₁n̥to
Participle *sodéyomnos

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*had”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, pages 125-126