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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wértti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Athematic root present of the root *wert-.

VerbEdit

*wértti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be turning around

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic, active only
3rd singular *wértti
3rd plural *wr̥ténti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *wértmi *wértm̥ *wértoh₂ *wr̥tyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *wértsi *wérts *wért, *wr̥tdʰí *wértesi *wr̥tyéh₁s
3rd singular *wértti *wértt *wérttu *wérteti *wr̥tyéh₁t
1st dual *wr̥twós *wr̥twé *wértowos *wr̥tih₁wé
2nd dual *wr̥ttés *wr̥ttóm *wr̥ttóm *wértetes *wr̥tih₁tóm
3rd dual *wr̥ttés *wr̥ttā́m *wr̥ttā́m *wértetes *wr̥tih₁tā́m
1st plural *wr̥tmós *wr̥tmé *wértomos *wr̥tih₁mé
2nd plural *wr̥tté *wr̥tté *wr̥tté *wértete *wr̥tih₁té
3rd plural *wr̥ténti *wr̥tént *wr̥téntu *wértonti *wr̥tih₁ént
Participle *wr̥tónts

DescendantsEdit

  • Germanic: *werþaną (to happen, to become) (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *wártˢti
  • Italic: *wertō
    • Latin: vertō (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press