This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to hit, to strike

Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor, Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2001, →ISBN, page 679
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN
  4. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin, Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, pages 945–946
  5. ^ Kocharov, P., “The Etymology of Armenian gełardn ‘Spear’”, in Indojevropejskoje jazykoznanije i klassičeskaja filologija - XIV. Materialy čtenij, posvjaščennyx pamjati prof. I.M. Tronskovo[2], volume II, Saint Petersburg: Nauka, 2010, pages 83–89