Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wréh₂ds

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

NounEdit

*wréh₂ds f (oblique stem *wr̥h₂d-)

  1. root

InflectionEdit

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *wréh₂ds
genitive *wr̥h₂dés
singular dual plural
nominative *wréh₂ds *wréh₂dh₁(e) *wréh₂des
vocative *wréh₂d *wréh₂dh₁(e) *wréh₂des
accusative *wréh₂dm̥ *wréh₂dh₁(e) *wréh₂dm̥s
genitive *wr̥h₂dés *? *wr̥h₂dóHom
ablative *wr̥h₂dés *? *wr̥h₂dmós
dative *wr̥h₂déy *? *wr̥h₂dmós
locative *wréh₂d, *wréh₂di *? *wr̥h₂dsú
instrumental *wr̥h₂déh₁ *? *wr̥h₂dbʰí

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: rrënjë (< *wradnjā < *wr̥h₂dnyo-)
  • Armenian:
    • Middle Armenian: արգատ (argat, superfluous branches cut off from vine and used for kindling) (possibly)
  • Balto-Slavic: *radas
    • Latvian: rads (birth, kin, sex, sort)
    • Slavic: *rodъ (genus, birth; kin, family, clan)
  • Celtic:
    • *wredios < *wr̥dyo-
    • *wrednā < *wr̥dnyo-
  • Germanic: *wirtiz, *wrōts (genitive *wurtiz)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ῥίζα (rhíza) (< *wredih₂-), ῥάδιξ (rhádix) "branch" (< *wreh₂dih₂-)
  • Indo-Iranian
  • Italic: *wrād-ī-k-
  • Italic: *wrad-yo-
  • Italic: *wrād-mo-
  • Tocharian:
    • Tocharian B: witsako (< *wr̥di-k-eh₂, with loss of -r-)