See also: Radix

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin radix ‎(a root).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

radix ‎(plural radixes or radices)

  1. (linguistics) A primitive word, from which other words may be derived.
  2. (biology) A root.
  3. (mathematics) The number of distinct symbols used to represent numbers in a particular base, as 10 for decimal.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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External linksEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *wrād-ī-, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Cognate with Ancient Greek ῥάδιξ ‎(rhádix, branch, twig), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍄𐍃 ‎(waurts), Old Irish fren ‎(root) and Old English wyrt ‎(herb, plant) (English wort).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rādīx f ‎(genitive rādīcis); third declension

  1. A root (of a plant).
  2. A radish.
  3. The lower part of an object; root.
  4. (figuratively) A foundation, basis, ground, origin, source, root.

InflectionEdit

Note that the genitive plural rādīcum has the alternative form rādicium. Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rādīx rādīcēs
genitive rādīcis rādīcum
dative rādīcī rādīcibus
accusative rādīcem rādīcēs
ablative rādīce rādīcibus
vocative rādīx rādīcēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • radix in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • radix in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • RADIX in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • radix in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take root: radices agere (De Off. 2. 12. 73)
    • at the foot of the mountain: sub radicibus montis, in infimo monte, sub monte
    • to occupy the foot of a hill: considere sub monte (sub montis radicibus)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 512
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