Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/ȷ́ʰástas

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-IranianEdit

ReconstructionEdit

The Nuristani forms show an initial d, possibly due to influence from Persian.[1]

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰóstos, from *ǵʰes-.

NounEdit

*ȷ́ʰástas m

  1. hand

DeclensionEdit

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ȷ́ʰástas *ȷ́ʰástā *ȷ́ʰástā, -ās(as)
vocative *ȷ́ʰásta *ȷ́ʰástā *ȷ́ʰástā, -ās(as)
accusative *ȷ́ʰástam *ȷ́ʰástā *ȷ́ʰástāns
instrumental *ȷ́ʰástā *ȷ́ʰástaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *ȷ́ʰástāyš
ablative *ȷ́ʰástāt *ȷ́ʰástaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *ȷ́ʰástaybʰyas
dative *ȷ́ʰástāy *ȷ́ʰástaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *ȷ́ʰástaybʰyas
genitive *ȷ́ʰástasya *ȷ́ʰástayās *ȷ́ʰástāna(H)m
locative *ȷ́ʰástay *ȷ́ʰástayaw *ȷ́ʰástayšu

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Strand, Richard F. (2016) Nûristânî Etymological Lexicon[1]