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SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰástas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵʰástas (hand), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰes- (hand). Cognate with Old Persian 𐎭𐎿𐎫 (d-s-t /dasta/) (whence modern Persian دست (dast)), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬯𐬙𐬀 (zasta, hand), Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír, hand), Latin hir (hand).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

हस्त (hástam

  1. the hand
  2. an elephant's trunk
  3. the forearm (a measure of length from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger)
  4. the position of the hand
  5. handwriting
  6. (astronomy) the 11th (13th) lunar asterism (represented by a hand and containing five stars, identified by some with part of the constellation Corvus)
  7. a species of tree
  8. (prosody) an anapest
  9. quantity, abundance, mass (ifc. after words signifying 'hair')

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of हस्त (hásta)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हस्तः
hástaḥ
हस्तौ
hástau
हस्ताः / हस्तासः¹
hástāḥ / hástāsaḥ¹
Vocative हस्त
hásta
हस्तौ
hástau
हस्ताः / हस्तासः¹
hástāḥ / hástāsaḥ¹
Accusative हस्तम्
hástam
हस्तौ
hástau
हस्तान्
hástān
Instrumental हस्तेन
hástena
हस्ताभ्याम्
hástābhyām
हस्तैः / हस्तेभिः¹
hástaiḥ / hástebhiḥ¹
Dative हस्ताय
hástāya
हस्ताभ्याम्
hástābhyām
हस्तेभ्यः
hástebhyaḥ
Ablative हस्तात्
hástāt
हस्ताभ्याम्
hástābhyām
हस्तेभ्यः
hástebhyaḥ
Genitive हस्तस्य
hástasya
हस्तयोः
hástayoḥ
हस्तानाम्
hástānām
Locative हस्ते
háste
हस्तयोः
hástayoḥ
हस्तेषु
hásteṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit