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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/wiHrás

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-IranianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós.

NounEdit

*wiHrás m

  1. man

DeclensionEdit

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *wiHrás *wiHrā́ *wiHrā́, -ā́s(as)
vocative *wiHra *wiHrā́ *wiHrā́, -ā́s(as)
accusative *wiHrám *wiHrā́ *wiHrā́ns
instrumental *wiHrā́ *wiHráybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *wiHrā́yš
ablative *wiHrā́t *wiHráybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *wiHráybʰyas
dative *wiHrā́y *wiHráybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *wiHráybʰyas
genitive *wiHrásya *wiHráyās *wiHrā́na(H)m
locative *wiHráy *wiHráyaw *wiHráyšu

DescendantsEdit

  • Indo-Aryan: *wiHrás
    • Sanskrit: वीर (vīrá) (see there for further descendants)
  • Iranian: *wiHráh
    • Central Iranian:
    • Northeastern Iranian:
      • Ossetian: ир (ir), иро́н (irón) (autonym)[1]
      • Sogdian: [script needed] (wyr /wīr/)
    • Northwestern Iranian:
    • Southwestern Iranian:
      • Old Persian: [script needed] (*vīra)
        • Middle Persian: wyl (wīr)
  • Nuristani: *wīrá (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2002). Studies in the Historical Development of the Ossetic Vocalism. Wiesbaden: Reichert.