This Proto-Malayo-Polynesian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Malayo-Polynesian edit

Proto-Malayo-Polynesian cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal : *siwa

Etymology edit

From Proto-Austronesian *Siwa via a Formosan language. The expected reflex is *hiwa.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit


  1. nine

Descendants edit

  • Balinese: siə
  • Fijian: ciwa
  • Malagasy: sivy
  • Proto-Polynesian: *hiwa (see there for further descendants)
  • Rotuman: siva
  • Tetum: sia