Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/g-jak ~ g-jaŋ

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *g-ya(k/ŋ) (Matisoff, STEDT)

NounEdit

 
Domestic yak (Bos grunniens)

*g-jak ~ g-jaŋ

  1. sheep, yak

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*ɢaŋ/ (B-S), /*laŋ/ (ZS) ("sheep, goat")
    (in the oracle bone script)  
    • Middle Chinese: /jɨɐŋ/

      Japanese:  (よう, ​)
      Korean:  (, yang)
      Vietnamese: dương ()

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (yáng), /iɑŋ³⁵/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: གཡག (g.yag, yak) (see there for further descendants)
        • Lepcha: ᰚᰩᰭ (yók)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Naxi: y²¹ (sheep)
    • Lolo-Burmese
  • Bai
    • Bai: yon (sheep)