U+7F8A, 羊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F8A

[U+7F89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F8B]
U+2F7A, ⽺
KANGXI RADICAL SHEEP

[U+2F79]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F7B]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 123, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿手 (TQ), four-corner 80501, composition𰀁)

  1. Kangxi radical #123, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 950, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28425
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3125, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7F8A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – picture of a ram's head.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-jaŋ (sheep; yak). Cognate with Tibetan གཡག (g.yag, yak), Lepcha ᰚᰩᰭ (yók, yak), Tangut 𗇼 (gjwã, goat), Northern Tujia zo³⁵ (goat; sheep).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ/iâuⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông - literary.
Note:
  • iên5/ion5 - vernacular;
  • iang5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /iaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /iaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /iaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /iaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /iɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /iaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /iaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /iã̠¹/
    Nanjing /iaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
    /yə¹³/ ~子
    Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦiã²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiã¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦiɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ji³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ia⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /iau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ian¹³/
    Xiangtan /ian¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ioŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²¹/
    Nanning /jœŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ³⁵/
    /iũ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iõ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³¹/
    /io³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢaŋ/
    English sheep

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14535
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. caprid, e.g. sheep, goat, antelope (Classifier: m c)
    2. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よう) ()
    • Korean: (, yang)
    • Vietnamese: dương ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Kanji in this term
    ひつじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. sheep

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    Kanji in this term
    ひつじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
     ヒツジ on Japanese Wikipedia

    NounEdit

    (ひつじ) (hitsuji

    1. a sheep (animal)
      • 1999 March 6, “スリーピィ [Sleepie]”, in Starter Box(スターターボックス), Konami:
        しっぽの(なが)ひつじ。しっぽを使(つか)(さい)(みん)(じゅつ)をかけ、(すい)()(さそ)う。
        Shippo no nagai hitsuji. Shippo o tsukai saiminjutsu o kake, suima o sasou.
        A sheep that will mesmerize you to sleep with its long tail.

    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ヒツジ.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (よう) (

    1. a sheep (animal)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 야ᇰ (Yale: yang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (yang yang))

    1. Hanja form? of (sheep).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.