Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/s-nak

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nək ⪤ Cnək, *nes ~ nyes (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *s-nak (Matisoff, STEDT; LaPolla, 1987)

May be a descendant of *s-maŋ ~ s-mak (black, dark, ink), from assimilation of the root initial (in place of articulation) by the prefix *s-.

AdjectiveEdit

*s-nak

  1. black
  2. evil

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: (*nrək (B-S); *nɯg (ZS), to hide); (*n̥ˁək (B-S); *n̥ɯːg (ZS), evil)
    • Middle Chinese: /ɳɨk/, /tʰək/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: () /ni⁵¹/), () /tʰɤ⁵¹/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ནག་པོ (nag po, black), སྣག (snag), སྣག་ཚ (snag tsha, ink, Chinese ink)
  • Tangut-Qiang
  • Lolo-Burmese
    • Burmish
      • Written Burmese: နက် (nak, black)
    • Loloish
      • Northern Loloish
      • Central Loloish
        • Lolopo: neix (black)
  • Naic:
    • Naish:
      • Naxi: naq (black)