This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gḗlˀis, *gḗlˀāˀ, an elongated ē-grade verbal noun of *želti (to string), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelH-. Nearly exact cognate with Lithuanian gėlà (pain, anguish) (a-stem), gė́lė (panifully, agonizingly) (adverb). Further akin to Old Armenian կեղ (keł, wound, sore), Proto-Germanic *kwēlō (agony).

Noun edit

*žàlь f[1][2][3]

  1. burial monument
  2. (abstract) regret, sorrow, pity, griefsorry, woe (as an adverb or interjection)
    Synonyms: *pečalь, *tǫga, *mǫka, *gořestь, *skъrbь

Alternative forms edit

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: жаль (žalĭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “жаль”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “жал”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volumes 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 522
  • gėla”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*žalь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 553:f. i ‘grief, regret, pity’
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “žȁl”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition,*ža̋lь
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “žalь”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:a (RPT 99)