Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ьnikъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound masculine suffix from *-ьnъ +‎ *-ikъ. Parallel to *-ьnica f for derivatives in feminine gender.

SuffixEdit

*-ьnikъ m

  1. From base concept nouns, forms agent nouns who execute or embark in the referred concept
    *pǫtь (path)*pǫtьnikъ (traveler, passenger)
    *kry (blood)*krъvьnikъ (hangman, avenger)
    *mętežь (scuffle, mutiny)*mętežьnikъ (rioter)
    *orbota (work)*orbotьnikъ (worker)
    *směхъ (laughter)*směšьnikъ (funnyman, clown)
    *zakonъ (law)*zakonьnikъ (law-maker, lawyer, canon)
  2. From base object nouns, forms derivative object nouns
    *dьrvo (tree)*dьrvьnikъ (block, log)
    *peťь (oven, cook)*peťьnikъ (furnace)
    *sъborъ (aggregate, sum)*sъborьnikъ (collection, anthology)
  3. From concept nouns in *-ostь, forms carrier nouns of the specified concept
    *xubostь (handsomeness)*xubostьnikъ (handsome man)
    *pakostь (mischief, vicissitude)*pakostьnikъ (varmint, trickster)
  4. From prepositions, forms subject nouns exhibiting the specified proposition
    *protivъ (against)*protivьnikъ (opponent)
    *nadъ (over, upon)*nadьnikъ (bonus)
    Pre-Slavic *porzdъ (over there, forwards with skipping one)*porzdьnikъ (holiday)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Duridinov et al. (1991) "-ьникъ" in Граматика на старобългарския език (in Bulgarian), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 183
  • I. Erofeyeva (2010): "Личные дериваты с суффиксом -(ьн)икъ в ментально-культурном пространстве языка Русских летописей" (in Russian), Kazan State University