Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ikъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Cognate with Latvian -ieks (< -eikas). The *-i in *-ikъ thus reflects a diphthong *ey, which explains the lack of the third palatalization. Lithuanian -ykas reflects earlier -inīkas, and is not a cognate. Probably not related to Sanskrit -ईक (-īká) and Latin -īco.

SuffixEdit

*-ikъ m

  1. Denominal, forming diminutives.
    *nožь (knife)*nožikъ (a small knife)
    *větrъ (wind)*větrikъ (breeze)
    *listъ (leaf)*listikъ (a small leaf)
    *bobъ (broad bean)*bobikъ ((a small) broad bean)
  2. Deadjectival, denoting a carrier of a property.
    *zoltъ (golden)*zoltikъ (something golden)
    *porzdьnъ (empty)*porzdьnikъ (feast, holiday, festival)
    *moldъ (young)*moldikъ (something or somebody young)
    *malъ (small)*malikъ (something or somebody small)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The diminutive function is productive in North Slavic. In South Slavic languages diminutive formations only exist in relics, mostly in Slovene.

Derived termsEdit

  • *-nikъ (appended to the past participle of verbs in *-nъ)
  • *-ьnikъ (with *-ьn- element abstracted away from denominal derivations on *-ьnъ)

Related termsEdit

  • *-ica (feminine counterpart)

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -икъ (-ikŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

ReferencesEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32
  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume I, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 90f
  • J. Halla-aho (2006): "Nouns in */-k-o-/ " in Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology, University of Helsenki, p. 70