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Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ikъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

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Cognate with Latvian -ieks (< -eikas). The *-i in *-ikъ thus reflects a diphthong *ey, which explains the lack of of the third palatalization. Lithuanian -ykas reflects earlier -inīkas, and is not a cognate. Probably not related to Sanskrit -ईक (-īká) and Latin -īco.

SuffixEdit

*-ikъ m

  1. Denominal, forming diminutives.
    *nožь (knife)*nožikъ (a small knife)
    *větrъ (wind)*větrikъ (breeze)
    *listъ (leaf)*listikъ (a small leaf)
    *bobъ (broad bean)*bobikъ ((a small) broad bean)
  2. Deadjectival, denoting a carrier of a property.
    *zoltъ (golden)*zoltikъ (something golden)
    *porzdьnъ (empty)*porzdьnikъ (feast, holiday, festival)
    *moldъ (young)*moldikъ (something or somebody young)
    *malъ (small)*malikъ (something or somebody small)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The diminutive function is productive in North Slavic. In South Slavic languages diminutive formations only exist in relics, mostly in Slovene.

Derived termsEdit

  • *-ьnikъ (with *-ьn- element abstracted away from denominal derivations on *-ьnъ)

Related termsEdit

  • *-ica (feminine counterpart)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit