Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-teľь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compounded from the original athematic suffix *-tel- (still preserved in *dętelъ, *dętьlъ (woodpecker) and *dętelъ (clover)) and *-jь. Traces of the original consonantal-stem inflection are well preserved in plural forms, such as the Old Church Slavonic nominative plural (-e) / -ⰵ (-e), but genitive plural () / -ⱏ ()).

*-tel- formant probably continues Proto-Indo-European *-ter-, most likely as a result of dissimilation in words such as *orteľь (plower) < *or-tel- < *or-ter-. The alternation l : r could also be inherited, because it is already found in Proto-Indo-European, not only in common words, but also in other suffixes, such as *-tlom : *-trom, *-dʰlom : *-dʰrom, which form nomina instrumenti.

Compare *-dlo.

SuffixEdit

*-teľь m

  1. Deverbative, forms agent nouns from the infinitive/aorist stem. Equivalent to English -er.
    *dati (to give)*dateľь (donor, giver)
    *žęti*žęteľь (harvester, cropper)
    *bľusti (to be awake; watch)*bľusteľь (guard, guardian, sentry)
    *prositi (to ask; beg)*prositeľь (beggar)
    *dělati (to do)*dělateľь (worker)
    *prijati (to favor, please; be favorable)*prijateľь (friend)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -тєль (-telĭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

ReferencesEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[2], Helsinki: University of Helsinki, page 28ff
  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1976) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume II, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 50ff