This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Gothic -𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 (-āreis), from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz or from Latin -ārius. Proto-Slavic borrowed from Gothic both the derivations (e.g. *mytařь (tax collector) and *bukařь (scribe, literate man)) and their base forms (*myto (payment, gift) and *buky (beech; record; document) which enabled synchronic morphological segmentation of the borrowed denominals and finally an analogical generalization of the *-ařь suffix for forming other denominal nouns with agentive meaning, on the basis of non-borrowed nominal stems (e.g. *kľučařь on the basis of *kľučь, *zidařь on the basis of *zidъ).


*-ařь m

  1. -er; derives agent nouns, signifying someone who is connected to something, often by trade or profession.
    1. Denominal:
      *myto + *-ařь*mytařь
      *buky + *-ařь*bukařь
      *ryba + *-ařь*rybařь
      *kľučь + *-ařь*kľučařь
    2. Deverbal (from the present stem):
      *voldti*volsti + *-ařь*voldařь


Derived termsEdit


  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: -ар (-ar)
    • Russian: -арь (-arʹ)
    • Ukrainian: -ар (-ar)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Old Cyrillic: -арь (-arĭ)
      Glagolitic: [Term?]
    • Bulgarian: -ар (-ar)
    • Macedonian: -ар (-ar)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ар
      Latin: -ar
    • Slovene: -ar
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012), “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32