Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/dǫbъ

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic *dumbas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰu-m-bʰ-os with nasal interfix, from *dʰewbʰ- (deep).

Originally literally “tree with a depression, hollow (a characteristic feature of an old oak)” or “low-lying (oak likes to grow in low-lying and damp places)”. Compare Lithuanian dum̃blas (swamp).

Outdated etymologies associated *dǫbъ with a Proto-Indo-European root *dem- (to build).

The etymon is attested both as an o-stem and as a u-stem, but per Vasmer, the original more likely was u-stem.

Noun edit

*dǫ̑bъ m[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. oak tree
  2. oak (wood)

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1978), “*dǫbъ”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 5 (*dělo – *dьržьlь), Moscow: Nauka, page 95
  2. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1981), “dǫ̑bъ 1”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volume 4 (dob'estь – družьstvo), Wrocław: Ossolineum, →ISBN, page 185
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dǫ̑bъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 114: “m. o (c) ‘oak’”
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “dǫbъ”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (NA 126; PR 137); d (RPT 102)”
  5. ^ Anikin, A. E. (2021), “дуб I”, in Русский этимологический словарь [Russian Etymological Dictionary] (in Russian), issue 15 (друг – еренга), Moscow: Nestor-Historia, →ISBN, page 63: “прасл. *dǫbъ
  6. ^ Lehr-Spławiński, T.; Polański, K. (1962), “dǫ̇b”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka Drzewian połabskich [Etymological Dictionary of the Polabian Drevani Language] (in Polish), issue 1 (A – ďüzd), Wrocław; Warszawa etc.: Ossolineum, page 118: “*dǫbъ

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964), “дуб”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1 (А – Д), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress, page 547