This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

From *goře (sorrow, grief) +‎ *-ьkъ.

Adjective edit


  1. bitter (for taste)
  2. (figurative) sorrowful (for situation, emotion)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “го́рький”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1980), “*gorьkъ(jь)”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 7 (*golvačь – *gyžati), Moscow: Nauka, page 55
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “горък”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 266

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*gorьkъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 180:adj. o (c) ‘bitter’
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “gor(ъkъ)”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:c bitter (PR 138)
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “górek”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition,*gȍrьkъ