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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bitter, from Old English bitter, biter (bitter), from Proto-Germanic *bitraz (bitter), equivalent to bite +‎ -er (adjectival suffix). Compare Saterland Frisian bitter (bitter), West Frisian bitter (bitter), Dutch bitter (bitter), Low German bitter (bitter), German bitter (bitter), Swedish bitter (bitter), Icelandic bitur (bitter).

AdjectiveEdit

bitter (comparative bitterer or more bitter, superlative bitterest or most bitter)

  1. Having an acrid taste (usually from a basic substance).
    The coffee tasted bitter.
  2. Harsh, piercing or stinging.
    • 1999, Neil Gaiman, Stardust, p.31 (Perennial paperback edition)
      It was at the end of February, [] when the world was cold, and a bitter wind howled down the moors [].
  3. Hateful or hostile.
    They're bitter enemies.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
      He inveighed against the folly of making oneself liable for the debts of others; vented many bitter execrations against the brother; and concluded with wishing something could be done for the unfortunate family.
    • Bible, Colossians iii. 19
      Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them.
  4. Cynical and resentful.
    I've been bitter ever since that defeat.
Usage notesEdit
  • The one-word comparative form bitterer and superlative form bitterest exist, but are less common than their two-word counterparts more bitter and most bitter.
SynonymsEdit
  • (cynical and resentful): jaded
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

bitter (countable and uncountable, plural bitters)

  1. (usually in the plural bitters) A liquid or powder, made from bitter herbs, used in mixed drinks or as a tonic.
    • 1773, Oliver Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer
      Thus I begin: "All is not gold that glitters,
      "Pleasure seems sweet, but proves a glass of bitters.
  2. A type of beer heavily flavored with hops.
  3. (nautical) A turn of a cable about the bitts.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

bitter (third-person singular simple present bitters, present participle bittering, simple past and past participle bittered)

  1. To make bitter.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wolcott to this entry?)

Etymology 2Edit

bit +‎ -er

NounEdit

bitter (plural bitters)

  1. (computing, informal, in combination) A hardware system whose architecture is based around units of the specified number of bits (binary digits).
    • 1983, Computerworld (volume 17, number 49, page 21)
      However, 16-bitters are far more expensive than the 8-bit variety. And, unfortunately, have only a handful of business applications software packages that really take advantage of them.
    • 1984, Electronic Business (volume 10, page 154)
      The company believes that the 32-bit market will almost equal that of 16-bitters by the end of the decade. Chip maker Zilog Inc., not a major player in the 16-bit arena, is even more bullish about 32-bitters as it readies its own version for market.

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German bitter.

AdjectiveEdit

bitter

  1. bitter (all meanings)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of bitter
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular bitter bitrere bitrest2
Neuter singular bittert bitrere bitrest2
Plural bitre bitrere bitrest2
Definite attributive1 bitre bitrere bitreste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Related termsEdit

NounEdit

bitter c (singular definite bitteren, plural indefinite bittere)

  1. bitter (the liquid used in drinks)
  2. A bitter form of an aquavit
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English bitter.

NounEdit

bitter c

  1. bitter (type of beer - only known generally in Denmark for a few years)

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch bitter, from Old Dutch bitter, from Proto-Germanic *bitraz.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bitter (comparative bitterder, superlative bitterst)

  1. bitter (having an acrid taste)
  2. bitter, embittered

InflectionEdit

Inflection of bitter
uninflected bitter
inflected bittere
comparative bitterder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial bitter bitterder het bitterst
het bitterste
indefinite m./f. sing. bittere bitterdere bitterste
n. sing. bitter bitterder bitterste
plural bittere bitterdere bitterste
definite bittere bitterdere bitterste
partitive bitters bitterders

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

bitter m or n (plural bitters, diminutive bittertje n)

  1. A type of strong spirits made from jenever.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


FinnishEdit

NounEdit

bitter

  1. bitter (type of beer)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of bitter (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative bitter bitterit
genitive bitterin bitterien
bittereiden
bittereitten
partitive bitteriä bittereitä
bitterejä
illative bitteriin bittereihin
singular plural
nominative bitter bitterit
accusative nom. bitter bitterit
gen. bitterin
genitive bitterin bitterien
bittereiden
bittereitten
partitive bitteriä bittereitä
bitterejä
inessive bitterissä bittereissä
elative bitteristä bittereistä
illative bitteriin bittereihin
adessive bitterillä bittereillä
ablative bitteriltä bittereiltä
allative bitterille bittereille
essive bitterinä bittereinä
translative bitteriksi bittereiksi
instructive bitterein
abessive bitterittä bittereittä
comitative bittereineen

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bitter

  1. (transitive, slang) to understand, usually used in negative form and especially with rien.
    J’ai rien bitté au cours.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German bitter, pitter, from Old High German bittar, from Proto-Germanic *bitraz. Compare Low German bitter, Dutch bitter, English bitter, Swedish bitter, Icelandic bitur.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bitter (comparative bitterer, superlative am bittersten)

  1. bitter

(tastes) Geschmack; bitter, salzig, sauer, süß (Category: de:Taste)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

bitter

  1. bitterly

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

bitter m (invariable)

  1. bitters

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch bitter, from Proto-Germanic *bitraz.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bitter

  1. bitter (taste)
  2. sad, painful

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bitter”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • bitter”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German bitter and Old Norse bitr

AdjectiveEdit

bitter (neuter singular bittert, definite singular and plural bitre, comparative bitrere, indefinite superlative bitrest, definite superlative bitreste)

  1. bitter

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German bitter and Old Norse bitr

AdjectiveEdit

bitter (neuter singular bittert, definite singular and plural bitre, comparative bitrare, indefinite superlative bitrast, definite superlative bitraste)

  1. bitter

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bitter

  1. Alternative form of biter

Old High GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bitter

  1. Alternative form of bittar

ReferencesEdit

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bitr (partly through the influence of Middle Low German bitter), from Proto-Germanic *bitraz.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bitter (comparative bittrare, superlative bittrast)

  1. bitter; having an acrid taste
  2. bitter; hateful
  3. bitter; resentful

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of bitter
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular bitter bittrare bittrast
Neuter singular bittert bittrare bittrast
Plural bittra bittrare bittrast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 bittre bittrare bittraste
All bittra bittrare bittraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.