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Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/košь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Dersken and Vasmer point a similarity with Latin quālum (hamper) and its diminutive quasillum, however, both sources qualify it as dubious. If correct, then the Slavic term is likely a back-formation from Proto-Slavic *košelъ[1] < proto-Indo-European *kʷes- +‎ *-slo-.

Another alternative is from *kаt- (to chain) +‎ *-s- (derivative aorist marker) or (less likely) *kadʰ- (to cover) +‎ *-s-. Neither of these roots is well-established, though. If correct, this would make *košь and its derivatives cognates with Proto-Slavic *kotьcь, Proto-Slavic *kotьlъ and probably Proto-Slavic *kǫťa. Plausible cognates outside of Slavic include Latin casa (hut)[2], Latin cassis (helmet), Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬙𐬀(kata, chamber), Middle Persian kwšk' (kōšk, pavilion, kiosk), and Proto-Germanic *hattuz (hat).

The meaning of the East Slavic term may have been affected by the Turkic köç-(köç-, migration) > Kazakh көш (köş, military camp).

NounEdit

*kòšь m[3][4][5]

  1. basket
    Synonym: *krošňa

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1984), “*košelъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 11, Moscow: Nauka, page 187
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 96
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kòšь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 240: “m. jo (b) ‘basket’”
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “kosjь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b kurv (SA 147, 177; PR 134)”
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “kȍš”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*kos'ь̏”