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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




Uncertain. Dersken and Vasmer point a similarity with Latin quālum (hamper) and its diminutive quasillum, however, both sources qualify it as dubious. If correct, then the Slavic term is likely a back-formation from Proto-Slavic *košelъ[1] < proto-Indo-European *kʷes- +‎ *-slo-.

Another alternative is from *kаt- (to chain) +‎ *-s- (derivative aorist marker) or (less likely) *kadʰ- (to cover) +‎ *-s-. Neither of these roots is well-established, though. If correct, this would make *košь and its derivatives cognates with Proto-Slavic *kotьcь, Proto-Slavic *kotьlъ and probably Proto-Slavic *kǫťa. Plausible cognates outside of Slavic include Latin casa (hut)[2], Latin cassis (helmet), Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬙𐬀(kata, chamber), Middle Persian kwšk' (kōšk, pavilion, kiosk), and Proto-Germanic *hattuz (hat).

The meaning of the East Slavic term may have been affected by the Turkic köç-(köç-, migration) > Kazakh көш (köş, military camp).


*kòšь m[3][4][5]

  1. basket
    Synonym: *krošňa


Related termsEdit


Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1984), “*košelъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 11, Moscow: Nauka, page 187
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 96
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kòšь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 240: “m. jo (b) ‘basket’”
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “kosjь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b kurv (SA 147, 177; PR 134)”
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “kȍš”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*kos'ь̏”