This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kup-, from Proto-Indo-European *kwep- (to smoke, to boil, to move) (reconstructed as *kweh₁p- in Rix (LIV), but per Derksen the laryngeal is unnecessary). Cognate with Lithuanian kūpė́ti (to boil over), 1sg. kūpù, 3sg. kū̃pa, Latvian kupêt, kupôt (to seethe). Probably also cognate with Sanskrit कुप्यति (kúpyati, to be angry, to boil with emotion) and Latin cupiō (to desire). Vasmer and Chernykh also link Latvian kûpêt (to smoke, to steam) but per Derksen this belongs to a different Indo-European root *k(ʷ)h₂up-.

Verb edit

*kypě̀ti impf[1][2][3]

  1. to boil, to seethe

Inflection edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “кипе́ть”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993) “кипе́ть”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), 3rd edition, volume 1 (а – пантомима), Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 396
  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1981), “*kypěti”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 8 (*xa – *jьvьlga), Moscow: Nauka, page 265

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*kypě̀ti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 266:v. (c) ‘boil, seethe’
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “kypěti: kypjǫ kypitь”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:c koge, syde (PR 139)
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “kipẹ́ti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition,*kypě̋ti