From Proto-Indo-European *polh₁-men-, from *pelh₁-. Morphologically *pol- + *-my. Cognate with Lithuanian pelenaĩ (“ashes”), plė́nis (“speck, fine ashes”), Latvian plẽne (“white ashes on coals”) and Old Prussian pelanne (“ashes”).
An n-stem is unambiguously attested in the majority of Slavic languages, including importantly Old Church Slavonic. The East Slavic languages reflect an extended neuter n-stem *polymę or (for Ukrainian) *polumę instead. Russian has loaned the OCS form but converted it into a neuter n-stem as well. The modern Bulgarian form, although clearly related, has a different suffix, reflecting *polmъkъ.
- East Slavic:
- South Slavic:
- West Slavic:
- Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 411
- Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “пламя”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress