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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *polh₁-men-. Cognate with Lithuanian pelenaĩ (ashes), plė́nis (speck, fine ashes), Latvian plẽne (white ashes on coals) and Old Prussian pelanne (ashes).


*pòlmy m

  1. flame


Related termsEdit


An n-stem is unambiguously attested in the majority of Slavic languages, including importantly Old Church Slavonic. The East Slavic languages reflect an extended neuter n-stem *polymę or (for Ukrainian) *polumę instead. Russian has loaned the OCS form but converted it into a neuter n-stem as well. The modern Bulgarian form, although clearly related, has a different suffix, reflecting *polmъkъ.


  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 411
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “пламя”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress